BMC neurology 2017 09 0817(1) 179 doi 10.1186/s12883-017-0955-6
Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability, and despite intensive research, few treatment options exist. However, a recent breakthrough in cell therapy is expected to reverse the neurological sequelae of stroke. Although some pioneer studies on the use of cell therapy for treating stroke have been reported, certain problems remain unsolved. Recent studies have demonstrated that bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) have therapeutic potential against stroke. We investigated the use of autologous BMSC transplantation as a next-generation cell therapy for treating stroke. In this article, we introduce the protocol of a new clinical trial, the Research on Advanced Intervention using Novel Bone marrOW stem cell (RAINBOW).
RAINBOW is a phase 1, open-label, uncontrolled, dose-response study, with the primary aim to determine the safety of the autologous BMSC product HUNS001-01 when administered to patients with acute ischemic stroke. Estimated enrollment is 6-10 patients suffering from moderate to severe neurological deficits. Approximately 50 mL of the bone marrow is extracted from the iliac bone of each patient 15 days or later from the onset. BMSCs are cultured with allogeneic human platelet lysate (PL) as a substitute for fetal calf serum and are labeled with superparamagnetic iron oxide for cell tracking using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). HUNS001-01 is stereotactically administered around the area of infarction in the subacute phase. Each patient will be administered a dose of 20 or 50 million cells. Neurological scoring, MRI for cell tracking, (18)F-fuorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography, and (123)I-Iomazenil single-photon emission computed tomography will be performed for 1 year after the administration.
This is a first-in-human trial for HUNS001-01 to the patients with acute ischemic stroke. We expect that intraparenchymal injection can be a more favorable method for cell delivery to the lesion and improvement of the motor function than intravenous infusion. Moreover, it is expected that the bio-imaging techniques can clarify the therapeutic mechanisms.
The trial was registered at The University Hospital Medical Information Network on February 22, 2017 (UNIN ID: UMIN000026130 ). The findings of this trial will be disseminated to patients and through peer-reviewed publications and international presentations.