Mesenchymal-epithelial transition factor (MET) has long been considered as the most crucial and promising driver gene in the occurrence and development of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), except for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), and c-ROS oncogene 1 receptor tyrosine kinase (ROS1). In recent years, therapeutic drugs targeting MET have been continuously developed and applied in clinical practice. First, the curative effect of NSCLC patients with MET exon 14 skipping mutations has been further improved. In addition, when MET amplification occurs after resistance to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) in patients with advanced EGFR-mutant NSCLC, the combination of MET-TKIs and EGFR-TKIs has brought significant survival benefits and many other advances. This article reviews the treatment progress of NSCLC patients with different types of MET variants under different circumstances, which provides reference for the selection of clinical treatment strategies.
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