Measures of resting-state functional connectivity allow the description of neuronal networks in humans and provide a window on brain function in normal and pathological conditions. Characterizing neuronal networks in animals is complementary to studies in humans to understand how evolution has modelled network architecture. The mouse lemur (Microcebus murinus) is one of the smallest and more phylogenetically distant primates as compared to humans. Characterizing the functional organization of its brain is critical for scientists studying this primate as well as to add a link for comparative animal studies. Here, we created the first functional atlas of mouse lemur brain and describe for the first time its cerebral networks. They were classified as two primary cortical networks (somato-motor and visual), two high-level cortical networks (fronto-parietal and fronto-temporal) and two limbic networks (sensory-limbic and evaluative-limbic). Comparison of mouse lemur and human networks revealed similarities between mouse lemur high-level cortical networks and human networks as the dorsal attentional (DAN), executive control (ECN), and default-mode networks (DMN). These networks were however not homologous, possibly reflecting differential organization of high-level networks. Finally, cerebral hubs were evaluated. They were grouped along an antero-posterior axis in lemurs while they were split into parietal and frontal clusters in humans.
Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Inc.