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Restless legs syndrome and nocturnal leg cramps: review and guide to diagnosis and treatment.

Restless legs syndrome and nocturnal leg cramps: review and guide to diagnosis and treatment.
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Tipton PW, Wszołek ZK,


Tipton PW, Wszołek ZK, (click to view)

Tipton PW, Wszołek ZK,

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Polish archives of internal medicine 2017 11 09() doi 10.20452/pamw.4148
Abstract

Restless legs syndrome (RLS) and nocturnal leg cramps (NLC) are common disorders effecting 7.0% and 24.1% in some European countries, respectively. Patients suffering from RLS experience uncomfortable nocturnal sensations in the legs with the urge to move that dissipates while moving. NLC is characterized by the presence of abrupt contraction of muscles, most often in the gastrocnemius or foot muscles that occurs at night and may result in significant sleep disturbances. Diagnosis of these disorders has presented a challenge to healthcare providers due to symptom overlap with other sensory and motor disturbances with nocturnal predominance. Treatment options and approaches are lacking partially because of our currently incomplete understanding of the pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying these conditions. We have reviewed the medical literature to provide a comprehensive assessment of RLS and NLC with a focus on improved diagnostic accuracy and treatment approaches.

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