This study states that Failure of infrarenal endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) due to loss of proximal seal is increasingly common. Open surgical conversion can be challenging and has been associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of fenestrated-branched EVAR (F/BEVAR) for the treatment of patients with prior EVAR failure.

Consecutive patients enrolled as part of the Aortic Research Consortium in six prospective, nonrandomized, physician-sponsored investigational device exemption studies evaluating F/BEVAR between 2012 and 2018 were included in this study. The cohort was stratified according to whether the F/BEVAR procedure was performed after EVAR failure. Demographics, operative details, perioperative complications, and length of stay were compared between groups. Postprocedural survival, type I or type III endoleak, target artery patency, target artery instability, and reintervention rates were calculated using Kaplan-Meier method and compared between groups. A total of 893 patients underwent F/BEVAR; 161 (18%) were treated after failed EVAR and 732 (82%) were treated without prior EVAR. Patients with failed EVAR were more often men (84% vs 66%; P < .01) with larger aneurysms.

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