Resveratrol can inhibit cell proliferation and metastasis and induce apoptosis. However, the mechanisms of action through which resveratrol inhibits the abnormal proliferation of prostate stromal cells, causing prostatic hyperplasia, have not been fully elucidated. Here, we evaluated the inhibitory effects of resveratrol on cell° proliferation associated with prostatic hyperplasia using WPMY-1 cells. Our results showed that resveratrol inhibited the proliferation of WPMY-1 cells via the induction of G/G-phase cell cycle arrest, which was caused by downregulated expression of cyclins and cyclin-dependent kinases regulated by increased p21WAF1 and p27KIP1 expression level. In addition, resveratrol treatment suppressed the phosphorylation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/AKT and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2. The expression levels of molecular markers affecting prostate development were also reduced by treatment with resveratrol. Finally, resveratrol attenuated the binding activity of the transcription factor nuclear factor-κB in WPMY-1 cells, and accelerated apoptotic cell death via intrinsic cascade pathway. These results indicate that resveratrol may be useful for the prevention or treatment of prostatic hyperplasia.
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