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Resveratrol Reverses Functional Chagas Heart Disease in Mice.

Resveratrol Reverses Functional Chagas Heart Disease in Mice.
Author Information (click to view)

Vilar-Pereira G, Carneiro VC, Mata-Santos H, Vicentino AR, Ramos IP, Giarola NL, Feijó DF, Meyer-Fernandes JR, Paula-Neto HA, Medei E, Bozza MT, Lannes-Vieira J, Paiva CN,


Vilar-Pereira G, Carneiro VC, Mata-Santos H, Vicentino AR, Ramos IP, Giarola NL, Feijó DF, Meyer-Fernandes JR, Paula-Neto HA, Medei E, Bozza MT, Lannes-Vieira J, Paiva CN, (click to view)

Vilar-Pereira G, Carneiro VC, Mata-Santos H, Vicentino AR, Ramos IP, Giarola NL, Feijó DF, Meyer-Fernandes JR, Paula-Neto HA, Medei E, Bozza MT, Lannes-Vieira J, Paiva CN,

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PLoS pathogens 2016 Oct 2712(10) e1005947 doi 10.1371/journal.ppat.1005947
Abstract

Chronic chagasic cardiomyopathy (CCC) develops years after acute infection by Trypanosoma cruzi and does not improve after trypanocidal therapy, despite reduction of parasite burden. During disease, the heart undergoes oxidative stress, a potential causative factor for arrhythmias and contractile dysfunction. Here we tested whether antioxidants/ cardioprotective drugs could improve cardiac function in established Chagas heart disease. We chose a model that resembles B1-B2 stage of human CCC, treated mice with resveratrol and performed electrocardiography and echocardiography studies. Resveratrol reduced the prolonged PR and QTc intervals, increased heart rates and reversed sinus arrhythmia, atrial and atrioventricular conduction disorders; restored a normal left ventricular ejection fraction, improved stroke volume and cardiac output. Resveratrol activated the AMPK-pathway and reduced both ROS production and heart parasite burden, without interfering with vascularization or myocarditis intensity. Resveratrol was even capable of improving heart function of infected mice when treatment was started late after infection, while trypanocidal drug benznidazole failed. We attempted to mimic resveratrol’s actions using metformin (AMPK-activator) or tempol (SOD-mimetic). Metformin and tempol mimicked the beneficial effects of resveratrol on heart function and decreased lipid peroxidation, but did not alter parasite burden. These results indicate that AMPK activation and ROS neutralization are key strategies to induce tolerance to Chagas heart disease. Despite all tissue damage observed in established Chagas heart disease, we found that a physiological dysfunction can still be reversed by treatment with resveratrol, metformin and tempol, resulting in improved heart function and representing a starting point to develop innovative therapies in CCC.

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