Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) was introduced in the late 1980s and represents an option for couples at risk of transmitting an inherited, debilitating or neurological disorder to their children. From a cleavage or blastocyst stage embryo, cell(s) are collected and then genetically analyzed for disease; enabling an unaffected embryo to be transferred into the uterus cavity. Nowadays, PGD has been carried out for several hundreds of heritable conditions including myotonic dystrophy, and for susceptibility genes involved in cancers of the nervous system. Currently, advanced molecular technologies with better resolution, such as array comparative genomic hybridisation, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and next generation sequencing, are on the verge of becoming the gold standard in embryo preimplantation screening. Given this, it may be time for neurological societies to consider the published evidence to develop new guidelines for the integration of PGD into modern preventative neurology. Therefore, the main aim of this review is to illustrate the option of PGD to enable conception of an unaffected baby, and to assist clinicians and neurologists in the counseling of the patient at risk of transmitting an inherited disease, to explore the genetic journey throughout in vitro fertilization IVF with PGD.
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