To evaluate the prevalence, predictors, prognostic value of cardiorenal interrelations in patients with acute cardiovascular disease (CVD), and to develop an algorithm for stratification these patients at risk of acute kidney injury (AKI).
566 patients (pts) were examined: 278 with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) and 288 with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS). The levels of electrolytes, glucose, urea, creatinine were evaluated, glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was determined according to the formula CKD-EPI. Chest x-ray, electrocardiography at admission and in dynamics, echocardiography at admission with assessment of systolic and diastolic myocardial functions were performed. Chronic kidney disease (CKD), AKI, ADHF, NSTE-ACS were diagnosed according to Russian and international Guidelines. Mann-Whitney test and multivariate logistic regression analysis were considered significant if p<0.05.
Different variants of cardiorenal interrelations were revealed in 366 (64.7%) pts. CKD was diagnosed in 259 (45.8%), with more than half of the cases (61%) diagnosed for the first time at this hospitalization, 62 (11%) pts had signs of kidney damage of unknown duration (which did not allow to diagnose CKD). AKI occurred in 228 (40,3%) pts, more frequently in patients with ADHF vs with NSTE-ACS (43.5 and 37.2%). In all groups stage 1 of AKI was prevalent. In-hospital mortality was significantly higher in pts with AKI vs without AKI (14.9 vs 3.6%, p<0.001). The risk of AKI was determined by kidney function and blood pressure levels at admission, and comorbidities.
Prevalence of cardiorenal interactions in patients with acute CVD (ADHF and NSTE-ACS) was 64.7%. Development of AKI was associated with poor prognosis in both groups. Renal function and blood pressure levels on admission are the main predictors of AKI.