Identify risk factors associated with increased hospital admission and mortality due to dengue fever (DF), and estimate the risk magnitude associated with each individual variable.
Records of patients diagnosed with dengue were obtained from the Mexican National Epidemiological Surveillance System. Descriptive statistics were performed in all variables. Demographic characteristics and comorbidities were compared between patients based on type of care and mortality. Multivariable analysis was done with a logistic regression model, using two different outcomes: hospitalization and mortality.
A total of 24,495 patients were included in the analysis, with a DF case fatality rate of 0.58%. Patients younger than 10 and older than 60, were found to have a greater risk of both hospitalization and mortality due to DF. Comorbidities associated with a higher risk for hospital admission include cirrhosis, CKD, immunosuppression, diabetes, and hypertension. For mortality, CKD, diabetes, and hypertension were identified as risk factors, along with pregnancy.
Identification of risk factors associated with increased hospitalization and mortality due to DF can help categorize patients that require close monitoring and inpatient care. Early identification of warning signs and patients at increased risk is key to avoiding delay of supportive care.

Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier Ltd.