Risk factors for left atrial appendage thrombus.
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common persistent rhythm disorder that has been shown to be associated with a significant increase in stroke risk. Left atrial appendage (LAA) thrombi are responsible for most of strokes of cardiac origin. CHADS-VASc is a risk scoring system to identify patients’ indications for anticoagulation in nonvalvular AF patients. The aim of our study was to investigate CHADS-VASc score, the other risk factors, echocardiographic data and blood parameters for LAA thrombus. Two hundred and sixty-four patients who were admitted to our adult cardiology outpatient clinic and who underwent a transesophageal echocardiography procedure between June 2017 and June 2019 included in our study. Patient’s demographic data, transthoracic echocardiographic examinations, and laboratory results were recorded retrospectively. LAA thrombus was detected in 39 (14.7%) patients. The rates of coronary artery disease and systolic dysfunction were significantly higher in patients with LAA thrombus ( = .017, = .016, respectively). When AF subtypes were examined in detail, thrombus rate was significantly higher in persistent AF (51 vs. 25.7%, = .002). Although the CHADS-VASc score was slightly higher in the thrombus group, there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups (3.0 ± 1.65 vs. 2.78 ± 1.66). In conclusion, CHADS-VASc score system itself was not informative about LAA thrombus formation although some of its components were related with LAA thrombus formation. According to a multiple regression analysis, the independent determinants of LAA thrombus were the presence of AF and coronary artery disease.