Advertisement

 

 

Risk Factors for Sporadic Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors: A Case-Control Study.

Risk Factors for Sporadic Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors: A Case-Control Study.
Author Information (click to view)

Ben Q, Zhong J, Fei J, Chen H, Yv L, Tan J, Yuan Y,


Ben Q, Zhong J, Fei J, Chen H, Yv L, Tan J, Yuan Y, (click to view)

Ben Q, Zhong J, Fei J, Chen H, Yv L, Tan J, Yuan Y,

Advertisement
Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterShare on LinkedIn

Scientific reports 2016 Oct 266() 36073 doi 10.1038/srep36073
Abstract

The current study examined risk factors for sporadic pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs), including smoking, alcohol use, first-degree family history of any cancer (FHC), and diabetes in the Han Chinese ethnic group. In this clinic-based case-control analysis on 385 patients with sporadic PNETs and 614 age- and sex-matched controls, we interviewed subjects using a specific questionnaire on demographics and potential risk factors. An unconditional multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (AORs). No significant differences were found between patients and controls in terms of demographic variables. Most of the patients with PNETs had well-differentiated PNETs (G1, 62.9%) and non-advanced European Neuroendocrine Tumor Society (ENETS) stage (stage I or II, 83.9%). Ever/heavy smoking, a history of diabetes and a first-degree FHC were independent risk factors for non-functional PNETs. Only heavy drinking was found to be an independent risk factor for functional PNETs (AOR = 1.87; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01-3.51). Ever/heavy smoking was also associated with advanced ENETS staging (stage III or IV) at the time of diagnosis. This study identified first-degree FHC, ever/heavy smoking, and diabetes as risk factors for non-functional PNETs, while heavy drinking as a risk factor for functional PNETs.

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

fourteen − 13 =

[ HIDE/SHOW ]