This retrospective study investigated the risk factors of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) -related genitourinary tract infection (GUTI).
We used longitudinal claims data from May 2016 to December 2017 from the Chang Gung Research Database. Diabetic patients who used SGLT2i were included. The baseline characteristics risk factors between patients who had GUTI and no GUTI were analyzed.
There were 428(3.43%) patients with the first occurrence of urinary tract infection (UTI) and 5(0.04%) patients with genital tract infection (GTI). Female patients aged ≥ 65 years with HbA1c ≥9%, eGFR <60 ml/min/1.73 m, urine albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR) level (≥ 30 mg/g, dyslipidemia, diabetic microvascular complications and mood disorder had a higher risk of having the first occurrence of UTI. There was no significant risk factor of GTI. 117 UTI and 3 GTI patients received SGLT2i rechallenging. The recurrent UTI rate was 28.2% and no recurrent GTI was diagnosed. The risk factors included CHD, eGRF < 45 ml/min/1.73 m, and mood disorder (OR, 95% CI: 4.39, 1.15-16.74; 4.11, 1.51-11.19; 5.93, 1.39-25.34, respectively).
In diabetic patients who had underlying disease of eGRF<45 ml/min/1.73 m, CHD, and mood disorder had higher risk of recurrent UTI after rechallenging SGLT2i.

Copyright © 2022. Published by Elsevier B.V.