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Risk of infertility following pelvic angiographic embolization in female patients with pelvic fractures: A nationwide population-based cohort study in Taiwan.

Risk of infertility following pelvic angiographic embolization in female patients with pelvic fractures: A nationwide population-based cohort study in Taiwan.
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Hsu SD, Lee SY, Lin KT, Lin CS, Chien WC, Chen CJ, Chung CH, Chang WK,


Hsu SD, Lee SY, Lin KT, Lin CS, Chien WC, Chen CJ, Chung CH, Chang WK, (click to view)

Hsu SD, Lee SY, Lin KT, Lin CS, Chien WC, Chen CJ, Chung CH, Chang WK,

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PloS one 2017 12 0112(12) e0174733 doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0174733
Abstract

Pelvic angiographic embolization is an effective procedure to provide haemostasis in patients with pelvic fractures. However, management with repeated follow-up radiographs may result in infertility. The study aimed to evaluate the risk of infertility following pelvic fracture treated with pelvic angiographic embolization in female patients. We used data from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) provided by the Bureau of National Health Insurance of the Department of Health in Taiwan from the period of 1997-2010. A total of 36 and 18,029 patients were included in the case and control cohorts, respectively. The risk estimations for the case and control cohorts were compared using a Cox’s proportional hazards regression model. The significance level was set at <0.05. After adjusting for possible confounding factors, the incidence of infertility in the case cohort was nearly 30.7-fold higher than that in the control cohort (adjust hazard ratio [HR] = 30.7, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 10.643-70.109). Patients between 15-35 years of age had a much higher incidence of infertility in the case cohort than in the control cohort (adjusted HR = 49.9, 95% CI = 15.177-64.099). Taken together, pelvic fractures in female patients treated with arterioembolization for haemostasis might be associated with a higher risk of infertility in Taiwan. Physicians should be aware of the link and inform patients of this risk prior to arterioembolization.

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