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Risk Stratification of Thyroid Nodules on Ultrasonography: Current Status and Perspectives.

Risk Stratification of Thyroid Nodules on Ultrasonography: Current Status and Perspectives.
Author Information (click to view)

Ha EJ, Baek JH, Na DG,


Ha EJ, Baek JH, Na DG, (click to view)

Ha EJ, Baek JH, Na DG,

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Thyroid : official journal of the American Thyroid Association 2017 11 01() doi 10.1089/thy.2016.0654

Abstract
BACKGROUND
Two types of risk-stratification system-a qualitative grading system or a quantitative scoring system-have been used for the effective management of thyroid nodules on ultrasonography.

SUMMARY
The concept of the Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (TI-RADS), based on the quantitative scoring system, was introduced in the late 2000s, and its format has been constantly evolving and developing. Understanding the role and appropriate utilization of risk-stratification systems including TI-RADS could facilitate the effective interpretation and communication of thyroid ultrasonography findings among referring physicians and cytopathologists.

CONCLUSION
This comprehensive review provides a developmental overview of the use of risk-stratification systems in thyroid nodules, including TI-RADS proposals, and describes the future developmental direction of TI-RADS for the personalized and optimized management of thyroid nodules.

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