Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is a standard strategy for the treatment of huge kidney stones, for example, stones >20 mm and staghorn stones.1,2 The normal entanglements after PCNL are bonding, fever, and thoracic complications.3 To accomplish the total stone evacuation and alleviate renal dying, proficient and exact parcel position into the renal gathering framework is fundamental. There have been a few advances to improve the renal access strategy. These incorporate patient situating access manage strategies and route device improvements. For instance, albeit the Clinical Research Office of the Endourological Society study announced that most PCNL cases were acted in the inclined position,4 the prostrate position brought about a more limited mean employable time and a lower rate of blood transfusions.5 what’s more, there is a discussion in regards to the ideal renal access techniques (either fluoroscopy-or ultrasound-guided [USG] penetrates). The USG cut for renal access is plausible and could decrease patients’ radiation exposure.6 Zhu et al. detailed in their randomized controlled preliminary that the USG scaled down PCNL was just about as protected as the fluoroscopy-guided or consolidated strategy for basic kidney stones, yet the fluoroscopy-guided or joined method was more successful for convoluted stones.

Reference link- https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/end.2019.0432