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Role of HDAC9-FoxO1 Axis in the Transcriptional Program Associated with Hepatic Gluconeogenesis.

Role of HDAC9-FoxO1 Axis in the Transcriptional Program Associated with Hepatic Gluconeogenesis.
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Chen J, Zhang Z, Wang N, Guo M, Chi X, Pan Y, Jiang J, Niu J, Ksimu S, Li JZ, Chen X, Wang Q,


Chen J, Zhang Z, Wang N, Guo M, Chi X, Pan Y, Jiang J, Niu J, Ksimu S, Li JZ, Chen X, Wang Q, (click to view)

Chen J, Zhang Z, Wang N, Guo M, Chi X, Pan Y, Jiang J, Niu J, Ksimu S, Li JZ, Chen X, Wang Q,

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Scientific reports 2017 07 217(1) 6102 doi 10.1038/s41598-017-06328-3
Abstract

Histone deacetylase 9 (HDAC9) regulates hepatic gluconeogenesis by deacetylating Forkhead box O 1 (FoxO1). HDAC9 upregulation is involved in hepatitis C virus (HCV)-associated exaggerated gluconeogenesis. Herein, we found in addition to FoxO1, HDAC9 also regulates other gluconeogenic transcription factors, including peroxisomeproliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α), cyclic AMP-responsive element-binding protein (CREB), and glucocorticoid receptor (GR). Unlike FoxO1, which is regulated by post-translational modification responses to HDAC9, HDAC9 regulates PGC-1α, CREB and GR by altering gene expression. Similar to PGC-1α, CREB and GR were found to be novel regulatory targets of FoxO1 by examination of the FoxO1 binding site in their promoter. PGC-1α, CREB and GR were upregulated in response to HDAC9 via FoxO1 deacetylation. These findings indicate that HDAC9-FoxO1 signalling contributes to gluconeogenesis by modulating the expression of gluconeogenic transcription factors. In particular, metabolic profiling demonstrated a clear shift towards gluconeogenesis metabolism, and HDAC9-FoxO1 signalling can be strongly induced to upregulate gluconeogenic transcription factors following HCV infection. The positive correlation between HDAC9 and gluconeogenic transcription factor expression levels in the livers of both HCV-infected patients and normal individuals further emphasizes the clinical relevance of these results. Thus, HDAC9-FoxO1 signalling axis is involved in regulating gluconeogenic transcription factors, gluconeogenesis, and HCV-induced type 2 diabetes.

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