Pregnancies of women with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at higher risk of experiencing adverse perinatal (APO) and maternal outcome (AMO). Mean uterine artery pulsatility index (mUtA-PI) as well as the ratio of soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1) and placental growth factor (PlGF) are helpful tools in diagnosing pre-eclampsia (PE) in women with CKD. The aim of the study was to evaluate the role of sFlt-1/PIGF ratio and mUtA-PI as predictors for APO, AMO, preterm delivery and decline of kidney function in CKD pregnancies.
A total of 28 CKD pregnancies with suspected PE/HELLP syndrome were retrospectively included, in whom both sFlt-1/PIGF and mUtA-PI were determined during the third trimester. APO was defined as fetal growth restriction, respiratory distress syndrome, intubation, admission to NICU, 5 min Apgar <7 and intracerebral hemorrhage. AMO was defined as the development of PE, HELLP syndrome or resistant hypertension. Decline of kidney function was defined as a 25% increase of creatinine level after delivery.
Of all included women, eight (28.6%) developed a PE/HELLP syndrome. AMO (28.6%) and APO (32.1%) were frequently observed. ROC analyses revealed a predictive value for AMO and sFlt-1/PIGF or mUtA-PI. Neither sFlt-1/PIGF nor mUtA-PI could predict APO or decline of postnatal kidney function. mUtA-PI was a predictor for preterm delivery.
Uterine Doppler and sFlt-1/PIGF are predictors of AMO in CKD pregnancies. Therefore, both markers might be helpful for an improved risk assessment. However, neither sFlt-1/PIGF nor mUtA-PI were able to predict a decline of postnatal kidney function or APO.
Copyright © 2020 International Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.