This study evaluated the relationship between systemic inflammation and clinical outcomes in people hospitalized with acute heart failure (AHF).
We prospectively enrolled people newly hospitalized with AHF after excluding those with concomitant infectious or inflammatory diseases. Systemic inflammation was evaluated using the modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS) at hospitalization, and participants were classified into low-grade and high-grade inflammation groups (mGPS 0-1 and 2, respectively). The primary outcome measure was functional recovery, evaluated using the Barthel Index gain. Secondary outcome measures were dysphagia at discharge and all-cause 1-y mortality after discharge. Multivariable analyses and Kaplan-Meier estimates were used to determine the association between systemic inflammation and study outcomes.
A total of 184 participants (mean age, 79.1 y; 48.4% female, 51.6% male) were included; 148 (80.4%) and 36 (19.6%), respectively, had low-grade and high-grade inflammation. Participants with high-grade inflammation were significantly older, had lower body mass index and muscle strength, and had lower nutrient intake, swallowing status, and Barthel Index than those with low-grade inflammation. In multivariable analyses, mGPS was significantly associated with Barthel Index gain (β = -0.229, P = 0.004) and Food Intake Level Scale (odds ratio = 5.067, P = 0.034) at discharge; mGPS was associated with 1-y mortality after discharge (P = 0.003).
Baseline systemic inflammation was negatively associated with improvements in physical function and dysphagia and with 1-y survival in people with AHF. These findings highlight the importance of focusing on the assessment of systemic inflammation to accurately predict the functional prognosis of people with AHF.

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