This retrospective cohort study includes 200 consecutive pediatric primary liver transplantations performed between 2003 and 2016. Uni- and multivariate logistic regression analysis, Kaplan-Meier method, and Cox regression analysis were used to evaluate recipient outcome.
HAT occurred in 15 (7.5%), PVT in 4 (2.0%), and venous outflow tract thrombosis in 2 (1.0%) recipients. Intraoperative vascular interventions (odds ratio [OR] 14.45 [95% confidence interval [CI] 3.75-55.67]), low recipient age (OR 0.81 [0.69-0.95]), and donor age (OR 0.96 [0.93-0.99]) were associated with posttransplant thrombosis. Clinically relevant bleeding occurred in 37%. Risk factors were high recipient age (OR 1.08 [1.02-1.15]), high Child-Pugh scores (OR 1.14 [1.02-1.28]), and intraoperative blood loss in mL/kg (OR 1.003 [1.001-1.006]). Both posttransplant thrombotic (hazard ratio [HR] 3.38 [1.36-8.45]; = 0.009) and bleeding complications (HR 2.50 [1.19-5.24]; = 0.015) significantly increased mortality.
In 200 consecutive pediatric liver transplant recipients receiving routine postoperative antithrombotic therapy, we report low incidences of posttransplant vascular complications. Posttransplant antithrombotic therapy seems to be a valuable strategy in pediatric liver transplantation. Identified risk factors for bleeding and thrombotic complications might facilitate a more personalized approach in antithrombotic therapy.
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.