rs2274911 (Pro91Ser, G > A) is a missense mutation located on the second exon of the GPRC6A gene. Increasing evidence revealed a significant association between the A allele of rs2274911 and male diseases, such as oligospermia, cryptorchidism, and prostate tumor. However, the function of rs2274911 in healthy males is unclear.
A total of 1742 healthy men were selected from the Fangchenggang Area Male Health and Examination Survey (FAMHES). The association between rs2274911 and phenotype was evaluated. The cell characteristics of rs2274911 mutation (mu), wild-type GPRC6A (WT), and RFP control in human embryonic kidney (293T) and human prostate cancer (PC3) cells were analyzed. RNA sequencing was performed on PC3 cells.
E2 and PSA serum levels increased with the accumulation of the A allele (E2: G vs. A, -0.029 [-0.050, -0.008], P < 0.01, P trend = 0.027; PSA: G vs. A, -0.040 [-0.079, 0.000], P < 0.05, P trend = 0.048). rs2274911 enhanced the proliferation and invasion ability of PC3 or 293T cells and activated the ERK pathway. The genes were identified as rs2274911 mu-affected genes through RNA sequential analysis of rs2274911 mu, GPRC6A WT, and RFP control of PC3 cells. Most of these genes were related to cancer development processes, cAMP, and the ERK cell signaling pathway.
This project represents that rs2274911 is associated with E2 and PSA serum levels in Southern Chinese men. Rs2274991 mutation promotes 293T and PC3 cell proliferation in vitro. These results suggest that rs2274911 is a functional variant of GPRC6A.

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