The SECURE-PCI study supports a perioperative loading dose of statins, although whether an intensive lipid-lowering strategy prior to percutaneous coronary intervention further benefits acute coronary syndrome patients remains controversial. Evolocumab, a proprotein-converting enzyme subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitor, acts more quickly and effectively than statins and reduces the risk of cardiovascular events in post-myocardial infarction (MI) patients. Nonetheless, whether it can be safely used in perioperative MI patients and whether perioperative application can benefit patients are still unknown. This study aims to evaluate the safety and efficacy of this treatment regimen.
A multicentre, prospective, randomized, controlled superiority trial will be conducted in 530 statin-naïve MI patients. All eligible patients will be randomized to the evolocumab group (140 mg subcutaneously injected once before revascularization + 14 days after the first dose) or the control group (no evolocumab injection). Evolocumab will then be administered depending on the patient’s lipid profile. Both groups will be treated simultaneously with standardized secondary preventive medications. The primary end points are major adverse cardiovascular events (a composite of death, recurrent MI, unanticipated revascularization, stroke and any rehospitalization for ischaemic causes) within 12 months. The secondary end point is post-infarction angina after pain relief. The safety end points include myopathy, impaired liver or renal function, and other adverse events during the follow-up period.
This is the first trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of evolocumab pre-treatment on prognosis in MI patients. Perioperative evolocumab injection may be a new, safe way to improve prognosis.
Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ( ; ChiCTR1900024526). Registered on 13 July 2019 and updated on 31 May 2020. The study is currently recruiting patients.