Revista de gastroenterologia de Mexico 2018 02 12() pii 10.1016/j.rgmx.2017.07.003
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS
Peutz-Jeghers syndrome is an autosomal dominant inherited pathology characterized by gastrointestinal hamartomatous polyps, predominantly in the small bowel, and pigmented mucocutaneous lesions. Guidelines suggest polypectomy with a balloon-assisted enteroscope when polyps are larger than 10mm. Complications in adults can be as high as 6.8%, but there is little information on pediatric populations. Our aim was to describe the safety and efficacy of polypectomy in a group of pediatric patients with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome using balloon-assisted enteroscopy.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
A retrospective study was conducted at the Hospital de Especialidades del Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI on pediatric patients with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome that required balloon-assisted enteroscopy and polypectomy within the time frame of January 2010 and December 2015. Patients that underwent polypectomy with a push enteroscope were excluded from the study.
A total of 35 polypectomies were performed on 4 patients (female/male: 3/1). The mean age of the patients was 13.7 years (range:11-16). Twelve enteroscopies were carried out, 8 of which were anterograde. A single-balloon enteroscope was used in 7 procedures and a double-balloon enteroscope in 5. The mean size of the polyps was 1.6cm (range: 1-4cm). A major complication (acute pancreatitis) presented in only one case (8.3%). No other major complications associated with the procedures were observed.
Balloon-assisted enteroscopy with polypectomy in children is a safe and effective procedure, with complications similar to those reported in adults.