Pancreatic cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the U.S. Ninety percent of patients with stage IV pancreatic cancer die within one year of diagnosis due to complications of metastasis. A metastatic potential of cancer cells has been shown to be closely associated with formation of perinucleolar compartment (PNC). Metarrestin, a first-in-class PNC inhibitor, was evaluated for its toxicity, toxicokinetics, and safety pharmacology in beagle dogs following every other day oral (capsule) administration for 28 days to support its introduction into clinical trials. The study consisted of four dose groups: vehicle; 0.25, 0.75 and 1.50 mg/kg/dose. Metarrestin reached its maximum concentration in blood at 3 h (overall median T) across all doses with a mean t over 168 h of 55.5 h. Dose dependent increase in systemic exposure (C and AUC) with no sex difference was observed on days 1 and 27. Metarrestin accumulated from Day 1 to Day 27 at all dose levels and in both sexes by an overall factor of about 2.34. No mortality occurred during the dosing period; however, treatment-related clinical signs of toxicity consisting of hypoactivity, shaking/shivering, thinness, irritability, salivation, abnormal gait, tremors, ataxia and intermittent seizure-like activity were seen in both sexes at mid and high dose groups. Treatment-related effects on body weight and food consumption were seen at the mid and high dose levels. Safety pharmacology study showed no treatment-related effects on blood pressure, heart rate, corrected QT, PR, RR, or QRS intervals, or respiratory function parameters (respiratory rate, tidal volume, minute volume). There were no histopathological changes observed, with the exception of transient thymic atrophy which was considered to be non-adverse. Based primarily on clinical signs of toxicity, the No Observed Adverse Effect Level (NOAEL) in dogs was considered to be 0.25 mg/kg metarrestin after every other day dosing for 28 days with a mean of male and female C = 82.5 ng/mL and AUC = 2521 h*ng/mL, on Day 27.
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