Levodopa-carbidopa intestinal gel (LCIG) provides continuous levodopa administration and clinical benefits to patients with advanced Parkinson’s disease (PD). This report evaluates long-term safety and efficacy of high-dose LCIG in PD patients.
Data were collected from several prospective, phase III clinical studies and an observational registry. The phase III program ( = 412) included four multicenter studies: a 12-week, randomized, double-blind study and three open-label studies extending ≥12 months. GLORIA ( = 412) included four multicenter studies: a 12-week, randomized, double-blind study and three open-label studies extending ≥12 months. GLORIA (.
A total of 72 of 412 (17.5%) patients required dosages ≥2000 mg/day LCIG in the phase III program and 47 of 375 (12.5%) patients in GLORIA. Baseline demographics and disease severity were similar between dosage groups with more men in the high-dosage group. Compared with the <2000 mg/day dosage group, patients requiring ≥2000 mg/day LCIG had higher rates of AEs/ADRs including polyneuropathy; improvements in "Off" time and discontinuations due to AEs were similar between dosage groups and lower for discontinuations due to ADRs reported in GLORIA.
Patients who require ≥2000 mg/day LCIG exhibited a safety profile comparable to the established safety/tolerability of LCIG with similar clinical improvements. Higher AEs were noted but within what is accepted for LCIG. Continuous administration of LCIG is beneficial to advanced PD patients who require very high doses of levodopa.

Copyright © 2020 Cindy Zadikoff et al.