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Safety Profile of Good Manufacturing Practice Manufactured Interferon γ Primed Mesenchymal Stem/Stromal Cells for Clinical Trials.

Safety Profile of Good Manufacturing Practice Manufactured Interferon γ Primed Mesenchymal Stem/Stromal Cells for Clinical Trials.
Author Information (click to view)

Guess AJ, Daneault B, Wang R, Bradbury H, La Perle KMD, Fitch J, Hedrick SL, Hamelberg E, Astbury C, White P, Overolt K, Rangarajan H, Abu-Arja R, Devine SM, Otsuru S, Dominici M, O'Donnell L, Horwitz EM,


Guess AJ, Daneault B, Wang R, Bradbury H, La Perle KMD, Fitch J, Hedrick SL, Hamelberg E, Astbury C, White P, Overolt K, Rangarajan H, Abu-Arja R, Devine SM, Otsuru S, Dominici M, O'Donnell L, Horwitz EM, (click to view)

Guess AJ, Daneault B, Wang R, Bradbury H, La Perle KMD, Fitch J, Hedrick SL, Hamelberg E, Astbury C, White P, Overolt K, Rangarajan H, Abu-Arja R, Devine SM, Otsuru S, Dominici M, O'Donnell L, Horwitz EM,

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Stem cells translational medicine 2017 09 09() doi 10.1002/sctm.16-0485
Abstract

Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) are widely studied by both academia and industry for a broad array of clinical indications. The collective body of data provides compelling evidence of the clinical safety of MSC therapy. However, generally accepted proof of therapeutic efficacy has not yet been reported. In an effort to generate a more effective therapeutic cell product, investigators are focused on modifying MSC processing protocols to enhance the intrinsic biologic activity. Here, we report a Good Manufacturing Practice-compliant two-step MSC manufacturing protocol to generate MSCs or interferon γ (IFNγ) primed MSCs which allows freshly expanded cells to be infused in patients on a predetermined schedule. This protocol eliminates the need to infuse cryopreserved, just thawed cells which may reduce the immune modulatory activity. Moreover, using (IFNγ) as a prototypic cytokine, we demonstrate the feasibility of priming the cells with any biologic agent. We then characterized MSCs and IFNγ primed MSCs prepared with our protocol, by karyotype, in vitro potential for malignant transformation, biodistribution, effect on engraftment of transplanted hematopoietic cells, and in vivo toxicity in immune deficient mice including a complete post-mortem examination. We found no evidence of toxicity attributable to the MSC or IFNγ primed MSCs. Our data suggest that the clinical risk of infusing MSCs or IFNγ primed MSCs produced by our two-step protocol is not greater than MSCs currently in practice. While actual proof of safety requires Phase I clinical trials, our data support the use of either cell product in new clinical studies. Stem Cells Translational Medicine 2017.

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