Elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has become an increasingly safe procedure. However, same day discharge (SDD) has yet to become standard practice. Our aim is to characterize the patients who underwent elective PCI and compare outcomes between the overnight stay (ONS) patient group and the group that was discharged on the same day at 24 hours and at 30 days.
One-year registry of patients who underwent an elective PCI. The possibility of SDD was established by the operator. Appropriate candidates were discharged at least four hours after the end of the intervention. The primary endpoints were defined as: Major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) – death, myocardial infarction (MI) stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA), non-planned re-intervention – and vascular complications. Secondary endpoints were any unplanned hospital visit, readmission and re-catheterization.
We performed 155 elective PCIs. One patient was admitted to the coronary care unit; 111 patients stayed overnight (ONS Group); 43 patients were discharged the same day (SDD Group). Three patients had early (<4 hours) post procedure complications: two TIAs and one vascular access site complication. There were no MACCE between four and 24 hours, nor at 30 days. At 24 hours, two patients from the SDD group had unplanned visits. Between one and 30 days, more patients from the SDD group had unplanned visits (9.3% vs. 0.9%. p=0.02). One patient from the ONS group had a recatherization. There were no readmissions or reinterventions.
Same day discharge of selected patients who undergo elective PCIs is feasible and safe.
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