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Sedation with propofol in digestive endoscopy administered by gastroenterologists. Experience in a Venezuelan hospital.

Sedation with propofol in digestive endoscopy administered by gastroenterologists. Experience in a Venezuelan hospital.
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Ruiz-Curiel RE, Bonilla H Y, Baptista A, Bronstein M,


Ruiz-Curiel RE, Bonilla H Y, Baptista A, Bronstein M, (click to view)

Ruiz-Curiel RE, Bonilla H Y, Baptista A, Bronstein M,

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Revista espanola de enfermedades digestivas : organo oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Patologia Digestiva 2018 03 15110() doi 10.17235/reed.2018.5185/2017
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
propofol is a rapid acting hypnotic that is becoming the drug of choice for sedation in digestive endoscopy worldwide. There is some controversy with regard to the use of propofol by physicians who are not anesthesiologists. We present our experience of the administration of propofol by endoscopist and nursing personnel.

METHODS
this was a retrospective study of sedation in endoscopy. Propofol was exclusively used and administered by the endoscopist who performed the procedure and the nursing staff. All patients included were of a low and moderate surgical risk (ASA I, II and III). No complementary medication was used such as benzodiazepines or opiates.

RESULTS
a total of 70,696 digestive endoscopy procedures performed between 2002 and 2017 were included in the study. Propofol was administered in an induction bolus of 10 to 50 mg, continuing with intermittent boluses of 10 to 20 mg, according to the patients’ response. The incidence of complications was very low, assisted ventilation with a mask was required on 78 (0.11%) occasions. Only one case required endotracheal intubation and two patients had significant hypotension that required the administration of ephedrine. The average recovery time of all neuropsychomotor functions after the procedure was 15 minutes; 98% of patients reported a good or excellent level of tolerance and clearly remembered the details of the interview one hour after the procedure.

CONCLUSIONS
the use of propofol as a sedative in digestive endoscopy is a safe and effective technique, provided that it is administered and controlled by the endoscopist and nursing staff in properly selected patients. This allows gastroenterologists to achieve adequate sedation.

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