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Sedentary Behavior Is Independently Related to Fat Mass among Children and Adolescents in South China.

Sedentary Behavior Is Independently Related to Fat Mass among Children and Adolescents in South China.
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Xue H, Tian G, Duan R, Quan L, Zhao L, Yang M, Libuda L, Muckelbauer R, Cheng G,


Xue H, Tian G, Duan R, Quan L, Zhao L, Yang M, Libuda L, Muckelbauer R, Cheng G, (click to view)

Xue H, Tian G, Duan R, Quan L, Zhao L, Yang M, Libuda L, Muckelbauer R, Cheng G,

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Nutrients 2016 Oct 258(11) pii E667
Abstract

We aim to explore the independent associations of sedentary behaviors (SB) with body mass distribution among Chinese children. Data on the screen-based sedentary time (television viewing and computer use) and doing homework, physical activities and dietary intake of 1586 Chinese children (50.3% girls) aged 7-15 years were obtained through validated questionnaires. Skin-fold thickness, body height, and weight were measured to calculate percent body fat (%BF), fat mass index (FMI), and fat-free mass index (FFMI). Parental characteristics were collected by questionnaires. Among girls, time of SB (screen time or doing homework) was positively related to %BF, FMI, and FFMI (p < 0.03) after adjusting for maternal overweight, the average annual income of family, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity energy expenditure, and energy intake: Girls in the highest tertile of screen time/homework had 16.7%/23.3% higher relative FMI and 2.9%/2.9% higher relative FFMI than girls in the lowest tertile. Among boys, screen time was positively associated with FFMI (p < 0.003), but not related to %BF and FMI (p > 0.09), while time of doing homework was positively related to %BF and FMI (p = 0.03). Sedentary behaviors might be positively and independently related to fat mass among Chinese children, and were more pronounced in girls.

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