Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Infectious Disease for September 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

COVID-19 Tests for Return to Work May Delay Health Workers

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Health care workers (HCWs) diagnosed with COVID-19 can have a prolonged recovery of viral RNA, which can delay return to work (RTW), according to research published online Aug. 26 in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology.

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COVID-19-Related Hospital Death Up With Psychiatric Diagnosis

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Patients with any prior psychiatric diagnosis have an increased risk for COVID-19-related hospital death, according to a research letter published online Sept. 30 in JAMA Network Open.

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Recent Increase Seen in COVID-19 Incidence Among 18- to 22-Year-Olds

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) — During Aug. 2 to Sept. 5, 2020, there was a 55.1 percent increase in the weekly incidence of COVID-19 nationally among young adults aged 18 to 22 years, according to research published in the Sept. 29 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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No Race Difference Found in COVID-19 Mortality Rates at Same Medical Center

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For admitted COVID-19 patients presenting to the same urban medical center, risk-adjusted outcomes were no worse for non-Hispanic Black and Hispanic patients versus non-Hispanic White patients, according to a study published online Sept. 25 in JAMA Network Open.

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Current Trends in COVID-19 Reported for U.S. Youth

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The incidence of COVID-19 was higher in adolescents than among children during May to September 2020, according to research published in the Sept. 28 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Hospital Admissions Not Related to COVID-19 Fell in Early 2020

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Non-COVID-19 hospital admissions decreased considerably with the onset of COVID-19, with declines generally similar across patient demographic subgroups from February to April 2020, according to a report published online Sept. 24 in Health Affairs.

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CDC Recommends No Travel for Thanksgiving

TUESDAY, Sept. 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Families who usually travel to see each other on Thanksgiving should stay home and hold virtual celebrations instead, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says in guidance on holiday safety during the COVID-19 pandemic.

CBS News Article

Global Death Toll From COVID-19 Passes 1 Million

TUESDAY, Sept. 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The global COVID-19 pandemic reached a grim new milestone on Tuesday: 1 million dead.

AP News Article

Johns Hopkins University

U.S. Government to Ship Millions of Rapid COVID-19 Tests This Week

TUESDAY, Sept. 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. government will start distributing millions of rapid COVID-19 tests to states this week with the goal of reopening schools.

AP News Article

Thousands of Donated Corneas From Gay, Bisexual Men Rejected

TUESDAY, Sept. 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) — An estimated 1,558 to 3,217 corneal donations were disqualified in 2018 because of federal regulations prohibiting corneal donation by men who have sex with men (MSM), according to a study published online Sept. 24 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Outcomes of In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Poor in COVID-19 Patients

MONDAY, Sept. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — None of 54 patients hospitalized with COVID-19 with in-hospital cardiac arrest who underwent cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) survived to discharge, according to a research letter published online Sept. 28 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Brain-Eating Amoeba Found in Tap Water of Lake Jackson, Texas

MONDAY, Sept. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The presence of a brain-eating amoeba in its drinking water has led the city of Lake Jackson, Texas, to issue a “do not use water order” and request an emergency declaration from the state.

CBS News Article

Private Health Plans Pay Hospitals 247 Percent of Medicare

MONDAY, Sept. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — During 2018, prices paid to hospitals by privately insured patients averaged 247 percent of what Medicare would have paid, according to a study from the RAND Corporation.

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Infants of COVID-19-Infected Mothers Doing Well in Short Term

MONDAY, Sept. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Infants born to mothers testing positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) do not have a higher frequency of adverse outcomes than those born to mothers testing negative, according to a brief report published online Sept. 18 in Clinical Infectious Diseases.

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Hydroxychloroquine Tied to Heart Problems Prior to Pandemic

MONDAY, Sept. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Real-world, pre-COVID-19 adverse events data show hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) and chloroquine (CQ) are associated with cardiovascular adverse events (CVAEs), according to a study published online Sept. 22 in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

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Clinical Severity Lower With Vitamin D Sufficiency in COVID-19

MONDAY, Sept. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Vitamin D sufficiency is associated with reduced clinical severity, inpatient mortality, and serum levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) among patients infected with COVID-19, according to a study published online Sept. 25 in PLOS ONE.

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Only Two-Thirds of Parents Planning to Get Flu Shots for Their Children

MONDAY, Sept. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — One-third of parents say they will forgo the flu vaccination for their children this year, despite public health recommendations, according to the C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital National Poll on Children’s Health.

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<10 Percent of U.S. Population Has Antibodies to SARS-CoV-2

MONDAY, Sept. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Fewer than 10 percent of the U.S. adult population formed antibodies against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) during the first wave of the pandemic, according to a study published online Sept. 25 in The Lancet.

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Wood Ear Mushrooms Linked to Salmonella Outbreak

FRIDAY, Sept. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Recalled wood ear mushrooms imported by Wismettac Asian Foods Inc., of Santa Fe Springs, California, and sold to restaurants may be linked to a multistate Salmonella outbreak, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said Thursday.

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Physician’s Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician’s Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of Sept. 21 to 25, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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U.S. Non-English Speakers Less Likely to Have SARS-CoV-2 Test

FRIDAY, Sept. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Non-English speakers are less likely to have completed severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) testing and have a higher proportion of positive tests compared with English speakers, according to a research letter published online Sept. 24 in JAMA Network Open.

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One-Fifth of Those With SARS-CoV-2 Infection Asymptomatic

FRIDAY, Sept. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) — About one-fifth of individuals with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection are asymptomatic and their viral load is comparable to that of patients with mild symptoms, according to a study published online Sept. 22 in Thorax.

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Median Age of COVID-19 Cases Declined in May to August in U.S.

FRIDAY, Sept. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) — From May to August 2020, there was a decrease in the median age of COVID-19 cases in the United States, according to research published in the Sept. 23 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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ACIP Provides Recommendations on Meningococcal Vaccination

FRIDAY, Sept. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Routine vaccination with a quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MenACWY) is recommended for adolescents aged 11 to 12 years with a booster at age 16 years, according to a report published in the Sept. 24 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Performance of Commercial SARS-CoV-2 Ab Tests Varies

FRIDAY, Sept. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) — There is considerable variation in the performance of commercial kits for detecting antibodies against SARS-CoV-2, according to a study published online Sept. 24 in PLOS Pathogens.

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Children’s Routine Care Plummets During Pandemic

THURSDAY, Sept. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) — There has been a steep drop in routine medical care for low-income children in the United States during the pandemic, which could cause long-term problems, the U.S. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services says.

AP News Article

United First U.S. Airline to Offer COVID-19 Testing for Passengers

THURSDAY, Sept. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The first COVID-19 testing program for airline passengers in the United States will be introduced Oct. 15 by United Airlines.

CBS News Article

Chinese Company Says Its COVID-19 Vaccine Should Be Available in U.S. in Early 2021

THURSDAY, Sept. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A Chinese pharmaceutical company claims its COVID-19 vaccine should available by early next year for distribution in the United States and other countries.

AP News Article

Public Awareness Low for Invasive Fungal Diseases

THURSDAY, Sept. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) — More than two-thirds of individuals have never heard of any of six invasive fungal diseases, according to research published in the Sept. 25 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Acute Kidney Injury Ups Risk for Death in COVID-19 Patients

THURSDAY, Sept. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Acute kidney injury (AKI) in hospitalized patients with COVID-19 is associated with a significantly higher risk for in-hospital death, according to a study published online Sept. 19 in the American Journal of Kidney Diseases.

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COVID-19 Risk in Assisted Living Similar to Nursing Homes

THURSDAY, Sept. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Individual-level risk factors associated with an increased risk for COVID-19 in assisted living (AL) facilities are the same as those seen in nursing homes, according to a study published online Sept. 21 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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As Flu Season Approaches, Clinicians Brace for Potential ‘Twindemic’

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Flu shots may be more important than ever this year, as COVID-19 presents new challenges for clinicians and communities this flu season. HD Live! spoke with Nadia Eltaki, M.D., director of clinical operations at Sibley Memorial Hospital in Washington, D.C., to discuss how clinicians can potentially lessen the potential for an overlapping superinfection, or “twindemic.”

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U.S. COVID-19 Death Toll Hits 200,000 as Cases Climb in 22 States

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. COVID-19 death toll reached the tragic milestone of 200,000 on Tuesday, with at least 22 states now reporting a rise in new cases. Just last Monday, only nine states were reporting increases in new COVID-19 cases, CNN reported. For the most part, the case spikes are showing up in the country’s heartland and the Midwest.

CNN Article

J&J COVID-19 Vaccine Begins Final Stage of Clinical Trials

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The final stage of clinical trials for Johnson & Johnson’s COVID-19 vaccine have started, the company announced Tuesday.

The New York Times Article

Stricter Vaccine Approval Rules Coming From FDA

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Stricter guidelines for emergency use authorization of a vaccine against the new coronavirus could soon be issued by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

The New York Times Article

SARS-CoV-2 Mortality Mainly Linked to Older Age, Comorbidity

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For U.S. veterans with COVID-19, mortality is mainly associated with older age, male sex, and comorbidity, according to a study published online Sept. 23 in JAMA Network Open.

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Red Blood Cell Distribution Width, Mortality Tied in COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For patients with COVID-19, elevated red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is associated with increased mortality risk, according to a study published online Sept. 23 in JAMA Network Open.

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Negative Pressure Does Not Cut C-Section Infection Risk in Obese

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Compared with standard wound care, prophylactic negative pressure wound therapy does not lower the risk for surgical-site infection in obese women following cesarean delivery, according to a study published in the Sept. 22/29 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Most People With SARS-CoV-2 Do Not Remain Asymptomatic

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Most people infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) do not remain asymptomatic, and the secondary attack rate is lower among contacts of people with asymptomatic infection, according to a review published online Sept. 22 in PLOS Medicine.

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AKI Occurs in 7 Percent of Those Hospitalized With COVID-19

TUESDAY, Sept. 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Acute kidney injury (AKI) occurs in 7 percent of patients hospitalized with COVID-19 and is associated with increased in-hospital mortality, according to a study published online Sept. 22 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Rates of COVID-19 Infection Higher in Blacks, Hispanics

TUESDAY, Sept. 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Black and Hispanic individuals are experiencing an excess burden of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection, according to a study published online Sept. 22 in PLOS Medicine.

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PrEP Prescribing Low in the U.S., Even Among HIV Care Providers

TUESDAY, Sept. 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Even among HIV-focused practitioners, preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) prescribing is not routine, according to a study published online Sept. 3 in PLOS ONE.

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Glucocorticoids Linked to Hospitalized Infection Risk in RA

TUESDAY, Sept. 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) receiving disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) therapy, continued use of glucocorticoids is associated with an increased risk for hospitalized infections, according to a study published online Sept. 22 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Many School Employees at Increased Risk for Severe COVID-19

MONDAY, Sept. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Nearly half of all school employees meet the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention definition for increased or potentially increased risk for severe COVID-19, according to a study published online Sept. 17 in Health Affairs.

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CDC Removes New COVID-19 Guidelines Just Days After Posting Them

MONDAY, Sept. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — New U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website guidelines suggesting that the new coronavirus can be transmitted by tiny droplets over a distance greater than six feet and that indoor ventilation is crucial to prevent its spread were removed from the agency’s website late Monday morning.

The Washington Post Article

AstraZeneca Releases COVID-19 Vaccine Trial Plans

MONDAY, Sept. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — AstraZeneca is the latest drug company to release details about human tests of its COVID-19 vaccine in response to public demand for such information. Americans have increasing doubts about a COVID-19 vaccine, and experts are worried that an unproven or unsafe vaccine may be released prematurely due to pressure from President Donald Trump, The New York Times reported.

The New York Times Article

COVID-19 Death Toll Nears 200,000 in the United States

MONDAY, Sept. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — As the U.S. COVID-19 case count neared 200,000 on Monday, public health experts debated whether the spread of the virus will continue to slow or a new surge will come, as cold weather returns to much of the country.

The New York Times Article

Warning Issued on Potentially Deadly Mosquito-Borne Virus in Michigan

FRIDAY, Sept. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Some Michigan residents are being told to stay indoors after dark and protect themselves from mosquito bites as the state tries to contain the spread of the rare but potentially deadly mosquito-borne disease Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE).

CNN Article

Michigan Department of Health & Human Services

Physician’s Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician’s Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of Sept. 14 to 18, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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Drug May Reduce Need for Ventilators in COVID-19 Patients

FRIDAY, Sept. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) — An inflammation-fighting medicine was associated with reduced use of ventilators among COVID-19 patients, according to a study that included mainly Hispanics and Blacks.

AP News Article

CDC: Adult Obesity Increasing, Tied to Worse COVID-19 Outcomes

FRIDAY, Sept. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Adult obesity is increasing, with considerable racial and ethnic disparities, according to new data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Details Emerge on Unexplained Illness in AstraZeneca COVID-19 Vaccine Trial

FRIDAY, Sept. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) — New details surfaced on Thursday on an unexplained neurological condition that struck a volunteer who was participating in AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine trial.

CNN Article

Lower Proportion of Inpatients With COVID-19 Wear Glasses

FRIDAY, Sept. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The proportion of inpatients with COVID-19 who wear eyeglasses for extended daily periods is lower than in the general population, according to a study published online Sept. 16 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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More Than Half of Pregnant Women With COVID-19 Asymptomatic

FRIDAY, Sept. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) — More than half of hospitalized pregnant women with COVID-19 are asymptomatic at admission, while pregnant women hospitalized for COVID-19-related illness have a higher prevalence of prepregnancy obesity and gestational diabetes, according to two studies published in the Sept. 16 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Older Adults Experiencing More Loneliness During Pandemic

FRIDAY, Sept. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Older adults are feeling more isolated during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a report published online Sept. 14 based on the results of the University of Michigan National Poll on Healthy Aging.

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Lung Cancer Treatment Plans Changed Due to Pandemic

FRIDAY, Sept. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) — More than half of patients have experienced changes in their lung cancer treatment plan as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a research letter published online Sept. 17 in JAMA Oncology.

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Flu Activity Low in Southern Hemisphere in June to August 2020

THURSDAY, Sept. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) — There was very low influenza activity during June to August 2020 in the Southern Hemisphere, according to research published in the Sept. 18 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Moderna May Know by November Whether COVID-19 Vaccine Is Effective

THURSDAY, Sept. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Moderna says it should know by sometime in November whether its COVID-19 vaccine is effective, its CEO said Thursday.

CBS News Article

COVID-19 Vaccine Distribution Would Begin Within 24 Hours After Approval

THURSDAY, Sept. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Distribution of a COVID-19 vaccine in the United States would begin within 24 hours of its approval or emergency use authorization, and the plan is that no American will have to “pay a single dime” out of their own pocket for the vaccine, federal officials said Thursday.

The New York Times Article

Elderly Social Isolation, Loneliness in COVID-19 May Lead to Cognitive Decline

THURSDAY, Sept. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Social isolation and loneliness can increase the risk for cognitive decline in seniors, according to Carla Perissinotto, M.D., geriatrician and associate chief for geriatrics clinical programs at the University of California in San Francisco, who recently spoke with HD Live! about the current challenges facing seniors in assisted living or nursing homes during the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Consensus Study Report

Hydrocortisone Early After Septic Shock Onset May Aid Outcomes

THURSDAY, Sept. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For patients with vasopressor-dependent septic shock, early hydrocortisone use is associated with improved outcomes, according to a study published online Sept. 2 in SHOCK.

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Substance Use Disorder Linked to Increased Risk for COVID-19

THURSDAY, Sept. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Substance use disorder (SUD) is associated with a higher risk for COVID-19 than that seen in the general population, as well as worse outcomes, according to a study published online Sept. 14 in Molecular Psychiatry.

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Survey: About Seven in 10 Adults Interested in COVID-19 Vaccine

THURSDAY, Sept. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Nearly seven in 10 U.S. adults are “definitely” or “probably” willing to get a COVID-19 vaccine, according to research published online Aug. 20 in Vaccine.

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Characteristics ID’d for Under 21s With SARS-CoV-2-Linked Deaths

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Of those aged younger than 21 years with deaths associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), most are aged 10 to 20 years, and 75 percent of deaths occur in those with an underlying medical condition, according to research published in the Sept. 15 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Vaccine Campaign Would Take Six to Nine Months to Curb COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) — When a safe and effective vaccine against COVID-19 becomes available, it is likely to take six to nine months for enough Americans to get vaccinated to have a significant impact on the pandemic, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Director Robert Redfield, M.D., said Wednesday.

The Washington Post Article

New Drug Shows Promise in Preventing Severe COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A single infusion of an experimental drug dramatically lowers levels of coronavirus in the bodies of newly infected patients and cuts their chances of hospitalization, the drug’s maker reported Wednesday.

The New York Times Article

Portable Low-Field MRI Allows Brain Imaging in ICU Patients

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Portable, low-field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is feasible for obtaining neuroimaging in intensive care unit (ICU) patients, according to a study published online Sept. 8 in JAMA Neurology.

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Poll: Most Americans Do Not Trust Trump’s COVID-19 Vaccine Comments

TUESDAY, Sept. 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) — In a sign that Americans are becoming more wary about the safety of a COVID-19 vaccine, a new poll shows a majority of adults do not trust what President Donald Trump has said on vaccine development.

NBC News Article

Office Dismissal Policy for Families Refusing Vaccines Common

TUESDAY, Sept. 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Half of practices report having an office dismissal policy for families refusing vaccines, according to a research letter published in the Sept. 15 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Pediatric Ophthalmologists Hit Hard Financially by COVID-19

TUESDAY, Sept. 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Pediatric ophthalmologists are financially struggling as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to research recently published in the Journal of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus.

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Factor V Activity Significantly Increased in Severe COVID-19

TUESDAY, Sept. 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Factor V activity is significantly increased in patients with severe COVID-19, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in the American Journal of Hematology.

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Canada Reports No New COVID-19 Deaths for First Time in Six Months

MONDAY, Sept. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For the first time in six months, Canada on Friday reported no new COVID-19 deaths.

CBS News Article

Effectiveness of Inhaled COVID-19 Vaccines to Be Studied

MONDAY, Sept. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A study to assess the effectiveness of two experimental COVID-19 vaccines when they are inhaled, rather than injected, has been announced by researchers.

AP News Article

AstraZeneca COVID-19 Vaccine Trial Restarts

MONDAY, Sept. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Oxford University has announced that final-stage testing of a COVID-19 vaccine it is developing with drug maker AstraZeneca will restart following a pause last week after a serious side effect showed up in a volunteer.

AP News Article

Among Hospital Patients, Children Less Likely to Carry SARS-CoV-2

MONDAY, Sept. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Among hospitalized patients without any severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)-associated symptoms, children are less likely than adults to test positive for the infection, according to a research letter published online Sept. 14 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Baricitinib May Shorten Recovery Time in Hospitalized COVID-19 Patients

MONDAY, Sept. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Using an anti-inflammatory medicine along with the antiviral drug remdesivir appears to shorten COVID-19 patients’ recovery time, according to drug company Eli Lilly.

AP News Article

NIH Launches Clinical Trials of Antithrombotics for COVID-19

MONDAY, Sept. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Two of three planned adaptive phase 3 clinical trials evaluating the safety and effectiveness of varying types of blood thinners to treat adults diagnosed with COVID-19 have launched, according to an announcement by the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

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Vaccine Confidence Recently Increased in Some of Europe

MONDAY, Sept. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Vaccine confidence has increased in parts of Europe in recent years, according to a study published online Sept. 10 in The Lancet.

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24.4 Percent of U.K. Health Care Workers Positive for SARS-CoV-2

MONDAY, Sept. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The overall prevalence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) antibodies is 24.4 percent in a cohort of asymptomatic health care workers, according to a study published online Sept. 11 in Thorax.

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HPV Vaccination Rates Increasing Among 15-Year-Olds

MONDAY, Sept. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — From 2011 to 2017, there was an increase in the proportion of U.S. 15-year-olds with at least one-dose or two-dose human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination, according to a study published online Sept. 14 in Pediatrics.

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Florida Teen Dies From Brain-Eating Amoeba

FRIDAY, Sept. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The parents of a 13-year-old boy in Florida who died from brain-eating amoeba want to warn others about the risk of the waterborne infection.

CBS News Article

Physician’s Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician’s Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of Sept. 7 to 11, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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COVID-19 Suspected for Surge in Medical Visits at End of 2019

FRIDAY, Sept. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) — There was an excess of patients with cough and respiratory complaints identified at a large U.S. health system from December 2019 to February 2020, according to a study published online Sept. 10 in the Journal of Medical Internet Research.

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Pneumothorax Reported as Complication of COVID-19

FRIDAY, Sept. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Pneumothorax is being reported as a complication of COVID-19, and has higher incidence among men and lower survival among older patients, according to a study published online Sept. 9 in the European Respiratory Journal.

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Psychological Response to COVID-19 Affects Pregnancy Stress

FRIDAY, Sept. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Among pregnant women, the psychological response to the COVID-19 pandemic positively affects pregnancy stress, and security sense negatively affects pregnancy stress, according to a study published online Sept. 9 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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CDC: Nearly 800 U.S. Children Have Developed COVID-19-Related Condition

THURSDAY, Sept. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) — There have been 792 confirmed cases in the United States of a rare condition in children that is linked to COVID-19, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Wednesday.

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Widespread Avoidance of Medical Care Found Due to COVID-19 Concerns

THURSDAY, Sept. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) — There was widespread reporting of avoidance of medical care due to COVID-19-related concerns in June 2020, according to research published in the Sept. 11 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Nosocomial COVID-19 Rare During Height of Pandemic

THURSDAY, Sept. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) — During the height of the pandemic, the incidence of nosocomial COVID-19 was rare, according to a study published online Sept. 9 in JAMA Network Open.

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Considerable Adverse Outcomes Reported for Young Adults With COVID-19

THURSDAY, Sept. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Young adults hospitalized with COVID-19 have substantial rates of adverse outcomes, according to a research letter published online Sept. 9 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Editor’s Note

Clinical Trial of AstraZeneca COVID-19 Vaccine Paused After Illness

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A “potentially unexplained” illness in a participant has led AstraZeneca to halt a late-stage clinical trial of its COVID-19 vaccine.

AP News Article

New COVID-19 Test Provides Results in 15 Minutes

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A new portable COVID-19 test that can provide results within 15 minutes and process up to 30 samples an hour could be available by the end of the year, according to medical diagnostics company Qiagen.

CBS News Article

More Than Half a Million U.S. Children Already Infected With COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) — More than 500,000 U.S. children had been diagnosed with COVID-19 as of early September, with a sizable uptick seen in recent weeks, a new report reveals.

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Pandemic Threatens Gains in Reducing Preventable Childhood Deaths

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The COVID-19 pandemic threatens decades of progress in reducing preventable deaths in children worldwide, a new United Nations/World Bank paper warns.

CNN Article

Insurer, Insured Costs for HIV PrEP Rising in the United States

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) — From 2014 to 2018, there were increases noted in third-party and out-of-pocket (OOP) payments per 30 tenofovir disoproxil fumarate with emtricitabine (TDF-FTC) tablets for HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP), according to a study published online Sept. 8 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Drug Companies Say Ethical, Scientific Standards Will Be Followed in Making COVID-19 Vaccines

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The highest ethical and scientific standards will be followed in testing and manufacturing vaccines against the new coronavirus, the top executives of nine U.S. and European drug companies promise.

AP News Article

Increase Seen in Hydroxychloroquine Rx by Nonroutine Specialists

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) — In March 2020, compared with March 2019, there was an 80-fold increase in new prescriptions for hydroxychloroquine by specialists who did not typically prescribe these medications, according to research published in the Sept. 4 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Child Hospital, ICU Admission Rates Similar for COVID-19, Flu

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Among children with COVID-19 or seasonal influenza, there are no differences in hospitalization rates, intensive care unit (ICU) admission rates, or mechanical ventilator use, but children with COVID-19 have more clinical symptoms, according to a study published online Sept. 8 in JAMA Network Open.

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Median of 36 Days Found From COVID-19 Symptom Onset to Viral Clearance

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The median time from COVID-19 symptom onset to viral clearance is 36 days, according to a study published online Sept. 2 in BMJ Open.

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As Tough COVID-19 Summer Ends, Experts Warn of Tougher Fall, Winter

TUESDAY, Sept. 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) — In a sobering illustration of the toll the COVID-19 pandemic took this summer, tallies now show the number of Americans who have died of the infection jumped from just under 100,000 to more than 186,000 between Memorial Day and Labor Day, while cases more than quadrupled to over 6.2 million.

Washington Post Article

IHME COVID-19 Projections

States Should Prepare for COVID-19 Vaccine by Nov. 1

TUESDAY, Sept. 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Even though it is not likely to happen, states should be prepared to distribute a COVID-19 vaccine by Nov. 1, the U.S. Surgeon General said Sunday.

CNN Article

Four Studies Indicate Benefits of Steroids for COVID-19

TUESDAY, Sept. 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Steroids can improve survival in patients with COVID-19, according to three randomized trials and a meta-analysis published online Sept. 2 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Prolonged Viral Shedding Seen in Children Positive for SARS-CoV-2

TUESDAY, Sept. 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Pediatric patients have a prolonged period of viral shedding after infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), according to a study published online Sept. 3 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

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AKI Common in Hospitalized Patients With COVID-19

TUESDAY, Sept. 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in hospitalized patients with COVID-19 and is associated with increased in-hospital mortality, according to a study published online Sept. 3 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Physician’s Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician’s Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of Aug. 31 to Sept. 4, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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Chief of U.S. Vaccine Initiative Says October Timeline ‘Extremely Unlikely’

FRIDAY, Sept. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The chief adviser for the White House vaccine program said Thursday it was “extremely unlikely, but not impossible” that a COVID-19 vaccine could be available by the end of October.

Washington Post Article

Likely Deficient Vitamin D Status Linked to COVID-19 Risk

FRIDAY, Sept. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Likely deficient vitamin D status is associated with an increased risk for COVID-19, according to a study published online Sept. 3 in JAMA Network Open.

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COVID-19 During Pregnancy May Pose Risks for Mother, Baby

FRIDAY, Sept. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Pregnant women with COVID-19 are less likely to report symptoms but are more likely to require intensive care unit admission compared with nonpregnant women of reproductive age, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis published online Sept. 1 in The BMJ.

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Fauci Warns Colleges Not to Send Students With COVID-19 Home

THURSDAY, Sept. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Colleges across America struggle to control COVID-19 outbreaks on campus, even as Anthony Fauci, M.D., director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, warned on Wednesday that sending students home after an outbreak is “the worst thing you could do.”

Washington Post Article

CDC Refutes Social Media Rumors That COVID-19 Death Data Are Inaccurate

THURSDAY, Sept. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Rumors suggesting that COVID-19 deaths in the United States are much lower than reported are due to people misinterpreting standard death certificate language, a U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention official says.

CNN Article

In-Person Visits to Resume at U.S. Prisons in October

THURSDAY, Sept. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) — In-person visits for inmates are scheduled to resume on Oct. 3, the U.S. Bureau of Prisons said Wednesday.

CBS News Article

John Wagner No Longer Heading FDA Office of External Affairs

THURSDAY, Sept. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For the second time in days, a Trump appointee to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has been let go.

AP News Article

Higher Prevalence of Asthma Not Seen Among COVID-19 Patients

THURSDAY, Sept. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The prevalence of asthma among patients hospitalized with COVID-19 seems to be similar to population prevalence and significantly lower than asthma prevalence among patients hospitalized with influenza, according to a letter to the editor published online Aug. 31 in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

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Poll: Americans Now More Likely to Get COVID-19 Vaccine

THURSDAY, Sept. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Just over 54 percent of Americans now say they would get a COVID-19 vaccine in the first 12 months after it is introduced, a significant increase from 42 percent in July, a new WebMD poll finds.

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U.S. Will Not Join International COVID-19 Vaccine Effort

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The United States will not join an international effort to create and distribute a COVID-19 vaccine, the Trump administration said Tuesday.

AP News Article

CDC Alerts Nation to Prepare for COVID-19 Vaccine by Early November

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is telling the nation to prepare for distribution of a COVID-19 vaccine this fall.

The New York Times Article

No Proof Convalescent Plasma Effective Against COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) — There is no evidence to support the use of convalescent plasma to treat COVID-19 patients, and doctors should not consider it a standard of care until more research is completed, a U.S. National Institutes of Health expert panel said Tuesday.

CNN Article

Pandemic Changed Asthma Care Delivery for Children

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The COVID-19 pandemic in Philadelphia has brought changes in pediatric asthma care delivery patterns, according to a study published online Aug. 19 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice.

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More Than 20 Percent of Children With COVID-19 Are Asymptomatic

TUESDAY, Sept. 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A considerable proportion of children with confirmed COVID-19 remain asymptomatic, according to a study published online Aug. 28 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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California Chicken Plant Closes After 8 Employees Die From COVID-19

TUESDAY, Sept. 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A Foster Farms chicken processing plant in Livingston, California, where eight workers died of COVID-19 and 392 tested positive, will be closed for a week of cleaning.

CBS News Article

GM, Ford Finish Making 80,000 Ventilators

TUESDAY, Sept. 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) — General Motors and Ford have completed U.S. government contracts to make 80,000 medical breathing machines for the U.S. government to help treat COVID-19 patients.

AP News Article

SARS-CoV-2 Antibodies for 6 Percent of Frontline Health Care Personnel

TUESDAY, Sept. 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Six percent of health care personnel (HCP) caring for patients with COVID-19 have positive test results for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) antibodies, according to research published in the Aug. 31 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Maternal H1N1 Flu Vaccination Not Linked to Autism in Offspring

TUESDAY, Sept. 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Maternal influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 vaccination during pregnancy is not associated with risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in offspring, according to a study published online Sept. 1 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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