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Sex differences in HIV effects on visual memory among substance-dependent individuals.

Sex differences in HIV effects on visual memory among substance-dependent individuals.
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Keutmann MK, Gonzalez R, Maki PM, Rubin LH, Vassileva J, Martin EM,


Keutmann MK, Gonzalez R, Maki PM, Rubin LH, Vassileva J, Martin EM, (click to view)

Keutmann MK, Gonzalez R, Maki PM, Rubin LH, Vassileva J, Martin EM,

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Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology 2016 11 1339(6) 574-586 doi 10.1080/13803395.2016.1250869

Abstract

HIV’s effects on episodic memory have not been compared systematically between male and female substance-dependent individuals. We administered the Brief Visuospatial Memory Test-Revised (BVMT-R) to 280 substance-dependent HIV+ and HIV- men and women. Groups were comparable on demographic, substance use, and comorbid characteristics. There were no significant main effects of sex or HIV serostatus on BVMT-R performance, but HIV+ women performed significantly more poorly on delayed recall. This effect was most prominent among cocaine-dependent HIV+ women. Our findings are consistent with recent speculation that memory impairment may be more common among HIV+ women, particularly those with a history of cocaine dependence.

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