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Sexual and Gender-Based Violence Attitudes and Experiences among Nine sub-Saharan African Militaries.

Sexual and Gender-Based Violence Attitudes and Experiences among Nine sub-Saharan African Militaries.
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Nightingale V, Tran B, Harbertson J, Langa A, Grillo M, Kalombo O, Thomas A,


Nightingale V, Tran B, Harbertson J, Langa A, Grillo M, Kalombo O, Thomas A, (click to view)

Nightingale V, Tran B, Harbertson J, Langa A, Grillo M, Kalombo O, Thomas A,

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Current HIV research 2017 02 07() doi 10.2174/1570162X15666170207120950

Abstract
INTRODUCTION
While sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) is recognized as an important factor driving the HIV epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa, attitudes toward and prevalence of SGBV within sub-Saharan African military populations are unknown. Data on SGBV were collected from military service members of nine sub-Saharan African militaries. Attitudes related to SGBV and characteristics of those who commit and experience SGBV are reported.

METHODS
Data for 8815 service members (8165 men and 650 women) aged 18 years or older who voluntarily participated in the Seroprevalence and Behavioral Epidemiology Risk Surveys from 2009 to 2014 were included in this secondary data analysis. Data were collected on demographics, HIV prevalence, SGBV attitudes, and experiences. Descriptive and bivariate statistical analyses were performed.

RESULTS
Five percent of men and 9% of women reported experiencing SGBV, and 6% of men reported they had ever committed SGBV. Men and women who had experienced SGBV were significantly more likely to agree with negative gender attitudes toward SGBV, and the majority of those who reported experiencing SGBV reported SGBV was committed by someone outside of the military.

CONCLUSION
This is the first study to examine SGBV in sub-Saharan military populations during periods of limited conflict. It provides evidence that SGBV is experienced by both male and female service members at rates not typically found in previous research examining SGBV in other military populations. A better understanding of SGBV in sub-Saharan military service members is necessary to ensure appropriate services and interventions are part of the military infrastructure.

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