To investigate whether sodium glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2is) can reduce important cardiorenal endpoints in type 2 diabetic adults without established cardiovascular disease (ECD), in those without heart failure (HF), and in those without chronic kidney disease (CKD). We searched PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and clinicaltrials.gov. Event-driven randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and cohort studies were included. We conducted random-effects meta-analysis, respectively based on RCTs and cohort studies, on eight cardiorenal endpoints in three type 2 diabetic subgroups. Thirteen large studies were included. Meta-analysis of RCTs showed the high quality evidences: compared with placebo, SGLT2is significantly reduced the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events, cardiovascular death or hospitalization for HF, and progression of CKD in type 2 diabetic adults without ECD [HRs (95% CIs): 0.88 (0.82, 0.94), 0.76 (0.70, 0.82), and 0.59 (0.52, 0.66), respectively; risk differences (95% CIs): -1.6 (-2.4, -0.8), -2.6 (-3.3, -2.0), and -2.4 (-2.8, -2.0) per 1000 patient-years, respectively], in those without HF [HRs (95% CIs): 0.89 (0.82, 0.95), 0.74 (0.67, 0.81), and 0.61 (0.55, 0.67), respectively; risk differences (95% CIs): -1.7 (-2.9, -0.8), -5.8 (-7.3, -4.2), and -2.3 (-2.6, -1.9) per 1000 patient-years, respectively], and in those without CKD [HRs (95% CIs): 0.88 (0.82, 0.94), 0.77 (0.71, 0.83), and 0.63 (0.57, 0.70), respectively; risk differences (95% CIs): -2.4 (-3.6, -1.2), -6.1 (-7.6, -4.5), and -2.2 (-2.6, -1.8) per 1000 patient-years, respectively]. Meta-analysis of cohort studies also showed the benefits of SGLT2is on the three composite outcomes in the three diabetic subgroups. SGLT2is also significantly reduced some other cardiorenal endpoints in these diabetic subgroups. SGLT2is can significantly reduce important cardiorenal events in type 2 diabetic adults without ECD, in those without HF, and in those without CKD; which supports SGLT2is used in these diabetic subpopulations to prevent cardiorenal events.
Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

References

PubMed