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Short- and long-term effects of a need-supportive physical activity intervention among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A randomized controlled pilot trial.

Short- and long-term effects of a need-supportive physical activity intervention among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A randomized controlled pilot trial.
Author Information (click to view)

Vanroy J, Seghers J, Bogaerts A, Devloo K, De Cock S, Boen F,


Vanroy J, Seghers J, Bogaerts A, Devloo K, De Cock S, Boen F, (click to view)

Vanroy J, Seghers J, Bogaerts A, Devloo K, De Cock S, Boen F,

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PloS one 2017 04 0612(4) e0174805 doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0174805
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
This pilot trial evaluated the short- and long-term effects of a six-week need-supportive physical activity (PA) intervention among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, on health-related (HbA1c and physical fitness) and behavioral (objectively-measured and self-reported PA) outcomes.

METHODS
To support the basic psychological needs for autonomy, relatedness and competence, the intervention included one in- and outtake session with a PA coach, an individualized PA program and a weekly PA group session. The intervention was set up in collaboration with a health insurance fund and with general practitioners. A total of forty-eight patients participated in the study and were randomly assigned to an intervention (n = 27) or a waiting-list control condition (n = 21).

RESULTS
Linear mixed models did not reveal any significant interaction effects between time and condition (ps > .05). However, significant time effects across conditions were found: a decrease in HbA1c at short term and increases in self-reported PA at both short and long term and in physical fitness at long term (ps < .05). CONCLUSION
Although the intervention as a whole did not produce the expected impact, there seems a potential for brief but regular expert visit and measurement.

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