Advertisement

 

 

Short hairpin RNA interference targeting interleukin 1 receptor type I in the paraventricular nucleus attenuates hypertension in rats.

Short hairpin RNA interference targeting interleukin 1 receptor type I in the paraventricular nucleus attenuates hypertension in rats.
Author Information (click to view)

Lu P, Jiang SJ, Pan H, Xu AL, Wang GH, Ma CL, Shi Z,


Lu P, Jiang SJ, Pan H, Xu AL, Wang GH, Ma CL, Shi Z, (click to view)

Lu P, Jiang SJ, Pan H, Xu AL, Wang GH, Ma CL, Shi Z,

Advertisement

Pflugers Archiv : European journal of physiology 2017 11 16() doi 10.1007/s00424-017-2081-0
Abstract

Blood pressure is controlled by tonic sympathetic activities, excessive activation of which contributes to the pathogenesis and progression of hypertension. Interleukin (IL)-1β in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) is involved in sympathetic overdrive and hypertension. Here, we investigated the therapeutic effects of IL-1 receptor type I (IL-1R1) gene silencing in the PVN on hypertension. Recombinant lentivirus vectors expressing a short hairpin RNA (shRNA) targeting IL-1R1 (Lv-shR-IL-1R1) or a control shRNA were microinjected into PVN of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) and normotensive WKY rats. The fluorescence of green fluorescent protein-labelled vectors appeared at 2 weeks after injection and persisted for at least 8 weeks. IL-1R1 protein expression in the PVN was reduced 4 weeks after Lv-shR-IL-1R1 injection in SHRs. IL-1R1 interference also reduced basal sympathetic activity, cardiac sympathetic afferent reflex in SHRs. Depressor effects were observed from week 2 to 10 after Lv-shR-IL-1R1 treatment in SHRs, with the most prominent effects seen at the end of week 4. Furthermore, Lv-shR-IL-1R1 treatment decreased the ratio of left ventricular weight to body weight and cross-sectional areas of myocardial cells in SHRs. Additionally, Lv-shR-IL-1R1 treatment prevented an increase in superoxide anion and pro-inflammatory cytokines (PICs, TNF-α and IL-1β) in the PVN of SHR, and upregulated anti-inflammatory cytokine (AIC, IL-10) expression. These results indicate that shRNA interference targeting IL-1R1 in the PVN decreases arterial blood pressure, attenuates excessive sympathetic activity and cardiac sympathetic afferent reflex, and improves myocardial remodelling in SHRs by restoring the balance between PICs and AICs to attenuate oxidative stress.

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

eighteen − 7 =

[ HIDE/SHOW ]