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Short-term administration of melatonin or ghrelin on diabetic rats: effects on angiotensin II and vasopressin-induced uterine contractility.

Short-term administration of melatonin or ghrelin on diabetic rats: effects on angiotensin II and vasopressin-induced uterine contractility.
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Georgiev T, Tolekova A, Kalfin R, Hadzhibozheva P,


Georgiev T, Tolekova A, Kalfin R, Hadzhibozheva P, (click to view)

Georgiev T, Tolekova A, Kalfin R, Hadzhibozheva P,

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Physiological research 2016 Oct 26()
Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of Angiotensin II (AngII) and Arginin-Vasopressin (AVP) on contractility of non-pregnant uterus in diabetic Wistar rats and to explore whether one-week administration of Melatonin (MLT) or Ghrelin (GHR) will change the response of diabetic uterine muscle to AngII and AVP. Uterine horns, prepared by the method of isolated tissues were investigated as well as glycemic profile, blood pressure and body weight. The research of smooth muscle contractions was made by a new method of analysis, characterizing in detail the various phases of the myometrial activity. Differences in the development of the peptide-mediated smooth muscle contractions depending on the phase of the estrous cycle were observed. Experimental diabetes had a pronounced negative effect on force and time-parameters of AngII and AVP-stimulated uterine contractions. Administration of GHR or MLT had a beneficial effect on the glycemic status of diabetic rats and partially improved the response of uterine preparations to the peptides. The application of MLT increased both force and time-parameters of AngII-and AVP-stimulated uterine contractions while treatment with GHR increased power characteristics and shortened contraction and relaxation of the smooth muscle process.

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