Cardiology journal 2018 03 23() doi 10.5603/CJ.a2018.0009
The shRNA lentiviral vector was constructed to silence c-Ski expression in cardiac muscle cells, with the aim of exploring the role of c-Ski in transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1)-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transitions (EMT) in H9C2 cells.
RT-PCR and western blot were used to detect c-Ski expression at protein and messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) levels in 5 different cell lines. Then, lentiviral vector was constructed to silence or overexpress c-Ski in H9C2 cells. MTT and/or soft agar assay and transwell assay were used to detect cell proliferation and migration, respectively. The expression levels of c-Ski under different concentrations of TGF-β1 stimulation were detected by RT-qPCR and immunocytochemical analysis. In the presence or absence of TGF-β1 stimulation, the proteins’ expression levels of α-SMA, FN and E-cadherin, which are closely correlated with the process of EMT, were measured by western blot after c-Ski silencing or overexpression. Meanwhile, the effect of c-Ski on Samd3 phosphorylation with TGF-β1 stimulation was investigated.
There is a high expression of c-Ski at protein and mRNA levels in H9C2 cell line, which first demonstrated the presence of c-Ski expression in H9C2 cells. Overexpression of c-Ski significantly increased H9C2 cell proliferation. The ability of c-Ski gene silencing to suppress cell proliferation was gradually enhanced, and inhibition efficiency was the highest after 6 to 7 d of transfection. Moreover, H9C2 cells with c-Ski knockdown gained significantly aggressive invasive potential when compared with the control group. TGF-β1 stimulation could dose-independently reduce c-Ski expression in H9C2 cells and lead to obvious down-regulated expression of E-cadherin. Interestingly, c-Ski could restore E-cadherin expression while suppressing α-SMA and/or FN expression stimulated by TGF-β1. However, shRNA-induced c-Ski knockdown aggravated only the TGF-β1-induced EMT. Moreover, c-Ski-shRNA also promoted the phosphorylation of Samd3 induced by TGF-β1.
c-Ski expression in cardiac muscle cells could be down-regulated by TGF-β1. Silencing of c-Ski gene was accompanied by down-regulation of E-cadherin, up-regulation of α-SMA and/or FN and Smad3 phosphorylation induced by TGF-β1, promoting EMT process. Therefore, c-Ski may be closely associated with TGF-β1-induced EMT and play an important role in cardiac fibrosis development and progression.