Clinoidal meningiomas have been considered as a separate entity with distinguishing clinical, radiological, and surgical considerations.1-2 Surgical mortality and morbidity associated with anterior clinoidal meningiomas has remained high in the past, with radical resection considered unattainable.3 However, the extent of surgical removal is clearly the most determining factor in tumor recurrence and progression. Clinoidal meningiomas have been classified into 3 types according to their origin from the dura surface of the anterior clinoid and subsequent arachnoidal rearrangement around the parasellar neurovascular structures.1 In type II, there is an arachnoidal plane that allows the tumor dissection from the encased carotid artery and its branches and the optic nerve. In this type, the involvement of the cavernous sinus is limited to the external wall, which can also be removed. Hence, these tumors are amenable to Simpson grade I resection (tumor, dura, and bone). Approaching through the multidirectional axis provided by the cranio-orbital zygomatic approach allows safe exposure of the tumor and vascular control.4-5 Proximal carotid control is obtained in the petrous carotid canal, the invaded anterior clinoid is removed by and large extradurally, and the Sylvian fissure is split wide open to establish dissecting planes with the middle cerebral artery branches. The optic canal is opened, and tumor extension is removed.6 The invaded outer wall of the cavernous sinus and superior orbital fissure is removed. We demonstrate this technique in a 48-yr-old patient who consented for surgery and publication of images. All images at 2:27, center and right images at 2:46, and all images at 2:58, reused with permission from LWW, from Al-Mefty, Operative Atlas of Meningiomas. Left image at 2:46 reprinted from Surg Neurol, Vol 60/issue 6, Arnautović KI, Al-Mefty O, Angtuaco E, A combined microsurgical skull-base and endovascular approach to giant and large paraclinoid aneurysms, pp. 504-520, Copyright 1998, with permission from Elsevier. Image at 8:21 reprinted from Al-Mefty,1 Clinoidal meningiomas, by permission from JNSPG.
© Congress of Neurological Surgeons 2021.