Sleep quality (SQ) is considered to be a critical variable in major depressive syndrome (MD) as well as in burnout syndrome (B). Thus far, no study examined the differential influence of these syndromes on SQ. MD and B have been assessed in 4,415 participants at baseline and in 1,396 participants at follow-up based on the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS). The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index was used to measure SQ. Based on the PHQ-9 and MBI-GS at baseline assessment, participants were divided into four groups: a control group, a MD group, a B group, and a comorbid group suffering from MD and B. Multiple regression analyses showed that all groups demonstrate significantly worse SQ than the control group, while individuals with MD showed a lower SQ compared to individuals with B. The comorbid group showed the lowest SQ. Longitudinal analyses showed a significant bidirectional association between major depressive symptoms and SQ, whereas burnout symptoms were predictive for SQ but not vice versa. The study indicates differences between MD and B with regard to SQ, suggesting worse SQ in more severely burdened groups. Major depressive symptoms are bidirectionally linked to SQ, whereas burnout symptoms are only suggested a risk factor for impaired SQ.Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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- Psych Congress 2019The annual Psych Congress, held in San Diego, California, from October 3-6, 2019, brings together members of the entire mental health team, including psychiatrists, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, psychologists, and primary care physicians, with experts in mental health to improve patient outcomes through education.