Blocking programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) is an effective therapeutic strategy for melanoma. However, patients often develop tumor recurrence postoperatively due to the low response rate to the anti-PD-1 antibody (aPD-1). In this study, we developed an in situ sprayable fibrin gel that contains cytosine-guanine oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG ODNs)-modified ovalbumin (OVA) antigen-expressing bone marrow dendritic cell (DC)-derived small extracellular vesicles (DC-sEVs) and aPD-1. CpG ODNs can activate DCs, which have potent immunostimulatory effects, by stimulating both the maturation and activation of tumor-infiltrating dendritic cells (TIDCs) and DCs in tumor-draining lymph nodes (TDLNs). In addition, DC-sEVs can deliver OVA to the same DCs, leading to the specific expression of tumor antigens by antigen-presenting cells (APCs). In brief, the unique synergistic combination of aPD-1 and colocalized delivery of immune adjuvants and tumor antigens enhances antitumor T-cell immunity, not only in the tumor microenvironment (TME) but also in TDLNs. This effectively attenuates local tumor recurrence and metastasis. Our results suggest that dual activation by CpG ODNs prolongs the survival of mice and decreases the recurrence rate in an incomplete tumor resection model, providing a promising approach to prevent B16-F10-OVA melanoma tumor recurrence and metastasis.Copyright © 2023. Published by Elsevier B.V.