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Social defeat stress causes depression-like behavior with metabolite changes in the prefrontal cortex of rats.

Social defeat stress causes depression-like behavior with metabolite changes in the prefrontal cortex of rats.
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Liu YY, Zhou XY, Yang LN, Wang HY, Zhang YQ, Pu JC, Liu LX, Gui SW, Zeng L, Chen JJ, Zhou CJ, Xie P,


Liu YY, Zhou XY, Yang LN, Wang HY, Zhang YQ, Pu JC, Liu LX, Gui SW, Zeng L, Chen JJ, Zhou CJ, Xie P, (click to view)

Liu YY, Zhou XY, Yang LN, Wang HY, Zhang YQ, Pu JC, Liu LX, Gui SW, Zeng L, Chen JJ, Zhou CJ, Xie P,

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PloS one 2017 04 2812(4) e0176725 doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0176725
Abstract

Major depressive disorder is a serious mental disorder with high morbidity and mortality. The role of social stress in the development of depression remains unclear. Here, we used the social defeat stress paradigm to induce depression-like behavior in rats, then evaluated the behavior of the rats and measured metabolic changes in the prefrontal cortex using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Within the first week after the social defeat procedure, the sucrose preference test (SPT), open field test (OFT), elevated plus maze (EPM) and forced swim test (FST) were conducted to examine the depressive-like and anxiety-like behaviors. For our metabolite analysis, multivariate statistics were applied to observe the distribution of all samples and to differentiate the socially defeated group from the control group. Ingenuity pathway analysis was used to find the potential relationships among the differential metabolites. In the OFT and EPM, there were no significant differences between the two experimental groups. In the SPT and FST, socially defeated rats showed less sucrose intake and longer immobility time compared with control rats. Metabolic profiling identified 25 significant variables with good predictability. Ingenuity pathways analysis revealed that "Hereditary Disorder, Neurological Disease, Lipid Metabolism" was the most significantly altered network. Stress-induced alterations of low molecular weight metabolites were observed in the prefrontal cortex of rats. Particularly, lipid metabolism, amino acid metabolism, and energy metabolism were significantly perturbed. The results of this study suggest that repeated social defeat can lead to metabolic changes and depression-like behavior in rats.

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