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Social Support as a Key Protective Factor against Depression in HIV-Infected Patients: Report from large HIV clinics in Hanoi, Vietnam.

Social Support as a Key Protective Factor against Depression in HIV-Infected Patients: Report from large HIV clinics in Hanoi, Vietnam.
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Matsumoto S, Yamaoka K, Takahashi K, Tanuma J, Mizushima D, Do CD, Nguyen DT, Nguyen HDT, Nguyen KV, Oka S,


Matsumoto S, Yamaoka K, Takahashi K, Tanuma J, Mizushima D, Do CD, Nguyen DT, Nguyen HDT, Nguyen KV, Oka S, (click to view)

Matsumoto S, Yamaoka K, Takahashi K, Tanuma J, Mizushima D, Do CD, Nguyen DT, Nguyen HDT, Nguyen KV, Oka S,

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Scientific reports 2017 11 147(1) 15489 doi 10.1038/s41598-017-15768-w

Abstract

Depression is the most common mental health issue among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). This study explored how different types and sources of social support are associated with depression among HIV-infected patients in Vietnam. We carried out a cross-sectional survey on 1,503 HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy at two HIV clinics in Hanoi in 2016. Depression was prevalent in 26.2% of participants. Higher score of social support, especially emotional/informational support and positive social interaction, showed significant association with lower depression rate. Although family was primary source of all types of social support, receiving emotional/informational support not only from family but also from outside of family correlated with a lower proportion of depression. In countries with constrained social resources and/or with family-oriented social structures, as in Vietnam, expanding social networks between HIV populations and society is a potentially important option for reducing depression.

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