The characteristics and content of organo-mineral complex were confirmed to be changed in agriculture soils under the biochar application with long-term, but the resulting environmental effects in the retention and lasting of agrochemicals and xenobiotic pollutants is far from clear. In this study, biochar-soil composites were prepared by one-step dry ball-milling method, and a sorption case study was proceed to investigate the biochar incorporated affection in soils on the transport of dimethyl phthalate (DMP). More surface oxygen-containing functional groups on ball-milled biochar enhanced its complexation with soil minerals. Sorption isotherms of DMP onto the biochar-soil composites were well described by the Freundlich model, both heterogeneous surface and multilayer interactions occurred simultaneously. The kinetics of sorption could be simulated with the pseudo-second-order model (R > 0.98), while the average sorption energy (E) calculated from Dubinin-Radushkevich isotherms were found in the range of 3.83-5.60 kJ mol, which revealed that the sorption processes coexist of chemisorption and physisorption, and π-π electron donor-acceptor interaction, pore-filling and hydrophobic interactions could be identified as the main sorption mechanisms. Desorption of absorbed DMP appeared obvious nonlinear characteristics and lag effect, the calculated hysteresis index (HI) increased with the application of biochar into soil. Considering the phenomenon of biochar aging and soil complexation, it is important to verify how the transport and natural attenuation of contaminant will be influenced by biochar addition, especially the long-term effect in soil ecosystem.
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