Airway remodeling is a key feature of asthma. Extracellular matrix synthesis and vascular remodeling respectively regulated by transforming growth factor (TGF-β1) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), are important for the airway remodeling. This study aimed to investigate the effect of Soufeng Yuchuan (SFYC) decoction, a Traditional Chinese Medicine, on airway remodeling and expression of VEGF and TGF-β1 in asthma model rats. A rat model of asthma was induced by ovalbumin (OVA) treatment. The results showed that SFYC decoction improved general conditions and reduced the damage in lung tissues in asthma model rats. Furthermore, SFYC decoction significantly reduced the OVA-induced levels of VEGF and TGF-β1 in sera and in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Moreover, SFYC decoction decreased the OVA-induced VEGF mRNA and protein levels in lung tissues in asthma model rats. Interestingly, SFYC with high dose was more potent in reducing TGF-β1 level in rat sera and BALF than dexamethasone (positive control). In summary, SFYC decoction effectively mitigates lung damage in OVA-induced asthma model rats, which was associated with inhibition of VEGF and TGF-β1.
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