Specificity proteins (SPs) have pro-oncogenic functions in cancer cells, ranging from cancer cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and angiogenesis. There is strong evidence that several antineoplastic drugs target depletion of SP proteins via different pathways. However, the mode of action of SP3 and the underlying consequences of its depletion are not well understood. Here, we demonstrate that SP3 is overexpressed in invasive breast cancer cells vs normal counterparts. The gene expression analysis from The Cancer Genome Atlas datasets indicated that SP3 is strongly correlated with Akt signalling-related proteins, G protein subunit alpha 13, and RAB33B (RAB33B, member RAS oncogene family). RNA interference of SP3 decreased active phosphorylation of Akt at serine and threonine sites. These findings indicate that SP3 exhibits a pro-oncogenic function, which clearly fits the description of an nononcogene addiction gene. Future analyses are prompted to uncover the SP3 gene regulation function and to reveal downstream targets of SP3 in breast cancer.
© 2020 Wiley Periodicals LLC.

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PubMed