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Spatiotemporal Expression of Bcl-2/Bax and Neural Cell Apoptosis in the Developing Lumbosacral Spinal Cord of Rat Fetuses with Anorectal Malformations.

Spatiotemporal Expression of Bcl-2/Bax and Neural Cell Apoptosis in the Developing Lumbosacral Spinal Cord of Rat Fetuses with Anorectal Malformations.
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Yang Z, Geng Y, Yao Z, Jia H, Bai Y, Wang W,


Yang Z, Geng Y, Yao Z, Jia H, Bai Y, Wang W, (click to view)

Yang Z, Geng Y, Yao Z, Jia H, Bai Y, Wang W,

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Neurochemical research 2017 07 15() doi 10.1007/s11064-017-2354-1
Abstract

Fecal incontinence and constipation still remain the major complications after procedures for anorectal malformations (ARMs). Previous studies have demonstrated a decrease of neural cell in lumbosacral spinal cord of ARMs patients and rat models. However, the underlying mechanism remains elusive. In this study, the neural cell apoptosis and Bcl-2/Bax expression were explored during lumbosacral spinal cord development in normal and ARMs fetuses. ARMs rat fetuses were induced by treating pregnant rats with ethylenethiourea on embryonic day 10. TUNEL staining was performed to identify apoptosis, and the expression of Bcl-2/Bax was confirmed with immunohistochemical staining, RT-qPCR and Western blot analysis on E16, E17, E19 and E21. Apoptosis index (AI) in the ARMs group was significantly higher compared to normal group. Our results showed that TUNEL-positive cells were mainly localized in the ventral horn, which is the location of neural cells controlling defecation. And the expression of Bcl-2 decreased, whereas the level of Bax increased in the ARMs fetuses. In addition, there was a significantly negative correlation between protein expression of Bcl-2/Bax ratio and AI in the ARMs group. Abnormal apoptosis might be a fundamental pathogenesis for the number decrease of neural cells in lumbosacral spinal cord, which leads to complications after procedures for ARMs. The negative correlation between the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax and AI manifested that Bcl-2/Bax pathway might be the mechanism for neural cell apoptosis in ARMs.

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