Annals of noninvasive electrocardiology : the official journal of the International Society for Holter and Noninvasive Electrocardiology, Inc 2017 09 12() doi 10.1111/anec.12493
Despite substantial progress in the field of differentiation between ventricular tachycardia (VT) and supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) with wide QRS complexes, differentiation between VT and preexcited SVT remains largely unresolved due to significant overlap in QRS morphology. Our aim was to assess the specificities of various single ECG criteria and sets of criteria (Brugada algorithm, aVR algorithm, Steurer algorithm, and the VT score) for diagnosis of VT in a sizable cohort of patients with preexcitation.
We performed a retrospective study of consecutive accessory pathway ablation procedures to identify preexcited tachycardias. Among 670 accessory pathway ablation procedures, 329 cases with good quality ECG with either bona fide preexcited SVT (n = 30) or a surrogate preexcited SVT (fast paced atrial rhythm with full preexcitation, n = 299) were identified. ECGs were analyzed with the use of wide QRS complex algorithms/criteria to determine specificities of these methods.
The Steurer algorithm and VT score (≥3 points), with specificities of 97.6% and 96.1%, respectively, were significantly (p < .01) more specific for the diagnosis of VT than Brugada algorithm, aVR algorithm, and Pava criterion with specificities of 31%, 11.6%, and 57.1%, respectively. The first step of the Brugada algorithm and the first step of the aVR algorithm had also high specificities of 93.3% and 96.0%, respectively. CONCLUSION
There are sufficient electrocardiographical differences between VT and preexcited SVT to allow electrocardiographic differentiation. VT score, Steurer algorithm, and some single criteria do not overdiagnose VT in patients with preexcitation.