The most recurrent fusion of central nervous system high-grade neuroepithelial tumor with MN1 alteration (HGNET-MN1) is MN1 rearrangement. Here, we report the case of a 36-year-old man with spinal cord astroblastoma showing Ewing Sarcoma breakpoint region 1/EWS RNA-binding protein 1 (EWSR1)-BEN domain-containing 2 (BEND2) fusion. The patient presented with back pain, gait disturbance and dysesthesia in the lower extremities and trunk. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an intramedullary tumor at the T3-5 level, displaying homogeneous gadolinium enhancement. Partial tumor removal was performed with laminectomy. Histological examinations demonstrated solid growth of epithelioid tumor cells showing high cellularity, a pseudopapillary structure, intervening hyalinized fibrous stroma, and some mitoses. Astroblastoma was diagnosed, classified as HGNET-MN1 by the German Cancer Research Center methylation classifier. MN1 alteration was not detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), but EWSR1-BEND2 fusion was detected by FISH and RNA sequencing. Previously, a child with EWSR1-BEND2 fusion-positive spinal astroblastoma classified as HGNET-MN1 was reported. In conjunction with that, the present case provides evidence that EWSR1-BEND2 fusion is identified in the entity of HGNET-MN1. Taken together, the BEND2 alteration rather than MN1 may determine the biology of a subset of the central nervous system HGNET-MN1 subclass.© 2021. The Japan Society of Brain Tumor Pathology.
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