In the pediatric population, complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a debilitating chronic pain syndrome that is classically treated with escalating polypharmacy and physical therapy; with failure of therapy oftentimes encountered in both adult and pediatric CRPS patients after which invasive neuromodulatory therapy might be considered . Intrathecal drug delivery systems and spinal cord stimulation (SCS) have been reported in the literature as forms of neuromodulation effective in adult CRPS however, SCS remains inadequately researched and underreported in the pediatric CRPS population. Owing to the differences in patient population characteristics and the specific vulnerability of adolescents to drugs that might be used to manage refractory cases, including but not limited to opioids, we believe that early effective pain management without the use of chronic pain medications is of paramount importance . Recent evidence suggests that neuromodulation can be useful toward improving function and managing pain, while also reducing medication use in chronic pain patients . We report the effective treatment of CRPS in a pediatric patient following implantation of a spinal cord stimulator (SCS) typifying the improved pain scores, decreased medication use, and substantially improved functional abilities in pediatric patients following SCS . The manuscript objective is to stimulate a discussion for SCS use earlier in the therapeutic management of CRPS in children.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Associations between Neighborhood-Level Factors and Opioid-Related Mortality: A Multilevel Analysis using Death Certificate Data.
February 17, 2020
January 31, 2020
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