The causes of floaters include posterior vitreous detachment and fundus hemorrhage, both of which are risk factors for retinal tears. We observed the vitreous of patients with floaters using swept source optical coherence tomography.
Fundus examination was performed, and the vitreous was observed using swept source optical coherence tomography in 202 eyes of 202 patients with floaters. Patients with uveitis, diabetic retinopathy, and other fundus diseases were excluded.
Swept source optical coherence tomography revealed posterior vitreous detachment in 145 of 202 eyes (71.8%) and dot reflex like stardust in the vitreous in 42 of 202 eyes (20.8%). Posterior vitreous detachment occurred in 35 of 42 eyes (83.3%) and 110 of 160 eyes (68.8%) in the stardust (+) and stardust (-) groups, respectively; a significant difference was observed (P <0.001). In the stardust (+) group, 11 of 42 eyes (26.2%) had retinal tears with posterior vitreous detachment and 21 of 42 eyes (50.0%) had fundus hemorrhage. Three of 160 eyes (1.9%) and 4 of 160 eyes (2.5%) in the stardust (-) group had retinal tears with posterior vitreous detachment and fundus hemorrhage, respectively. Both tears and fundus hemorrhage were more frequent in the stardust (+) group than in the stardust (-) group (P <0.001).
The stardust sign on swept source optical coherence tomography indicates the risk of retinal tear.

Copyright © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. on behalf of the Opthalmic Communications Society, Inc.